Saint NameLuke, the Evangelist : S00442
Andrew, the Apostle : S00288
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other
Evidence not before392
Evidence not after393
Activity not before356
Activity not after357
Place of Evidence - RegionPalestine with Sinai
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcBethlehem
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Bethlehem
Major author/Major anonymous workJerome of Stridon
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - unspecified
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesMonarchs and their family
Cult Activities - RelicsBodily relic - entire body
Bodily relic - bones and teeth
Transfer, translation and deposition of relics
Transfer/presence of relics from distant countries
SourceJerome wrote this collection of very short biographies of 135 Christian authors at the beginning of his stay in Bethlehem in 392/393. Amongst the authors commemorated were several who suffered martyrdom (which Jerome records at the end of their biographies) and others (such as Eusebius of Vercelli and Hilary of Poitiers) who would later attract cult, but Jerome's purpose in writing De viris inlustribus was to show how many learned men there had been, and still were within the Christian church (he closes with a rather longer biography of himself!), rather than to encourage saintly cult. We have therefore only created database entries from the De viris inlustribus in the very few cases (such as this one) where Jerome happens to provide information that sheds significant light on the cult of a saint.
DiscussionJerome also mentions the transfer of the relics of Luke the Evangelist and Andrew the Apostle to Constantinople in his Chronicle, written over a decade earlier than On illustrious men (E04570).
Richardson, E.C., De viris inlustribus (Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Altchristlichen Literatur, vol. 14/1a, Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1896), 1-56.
Richardson, E.C., On Illustrious Men (Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, vol. 3, Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1892). Revised and edited by K. Knight. .