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E07744: A 5th century papyrus from Oxyrhynchos contains fragments from Greek martyrdom accounts of *Paphnoutios (ascetic and martyr of Egypt, S01509) and *Christina (martyr of Tyre, S00907).

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posted on 27.08.2019, 00:00 by erizos
Papyrus Soc. Ital. 26, 27.

This Oxyrhynchus papyrus (30 x 24 cm) was probably part of a sizeable volume of hagiographical texts. It is written in uncial calligraphic script, inclined to the right, and can be dated on palaeographic grounds to the 5th century. A fragment from the Martyrdom of Paphnoutios and his Companions (BHG 1418z) is found on the recto (Papiri greci e latini, vol. I, Florence, 1912, n. 26), while a fragment of the Martyrdom of Christina of Tyre (BHG 301y) is on the verso, written by the same hand (ibid. n. 27).

History

Evidence ID

E07744

Saint Name

Paphnoutios, anchorite and martyr in Egypt under Diocletian : S01509 Christina, martyr of Tyre and of Bolsena (central Italy) : S00907

Saint Name in Source

Παπνούτιος Χριστίνα

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

500

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

500

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Oxyrhynchos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Discussion

This papyrus proves the existence of these two hagiographic legends already in the 5th century. The fragment on Paphnoutios' story corresponds to paragraphs 11 and 12 of the fully surviving version of the Greek martyrdom account of the saint (BHG 1419, E01400). The fragment on Christina corresponds to paragraph 14 of the fully surviving Greek text of her martyrdom account (BHG 302, E07745). For an analysis of the legend of Christina, see E02090.

Bibliography

Text: Papiri greci e latini, vol. I (Florence, 1912), n. 26, 27. Further reading: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides: L'apport des inscriptions et des papyrus grecs et coptes (Paris: CNRS Éditions, 2001), 180. Baumeister, T., Martyr Invictus. Der Märtyrer als Sinnbild der Erlösung in der Legende und im Kult der frühen koptischen Kirche (Münster, 1972), 124-126, 161-172.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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