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E07514: Latin epitaph describing the deceased as resting 'in peace, with the saints', possibly referring to a burial ad sanctos. Now lost, but seen in the cemeteries on the via Salaria, Rome. Probably late 3rd/early 4th c. [provisional entry]

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posted on 06.04.2019, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Anas-
tasi in
pace cum
sanctis

1-2. Anastasi may be G. sing. of Anastasius, although one would expect here a nomintaive form, e.g. Anastasi(a), or Anastasi(us)

'(The tomb) of Anastasius. (?) In peace, with the saints.'

Text: ICVR, n.s., IX, no. 23791 = EDB14289.

History

Evidence ID

E07514

Saint Name

Saints, unnamed : S00518

Saint Name in Source

sancti

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

280

Evidence not after

350

Activity not before

280

Activity not after

350

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Other lay individuals/ people

Source

There is no published description of the stone. Now lost. First recorded in the 17th c. by Vito Maria Giovinazzi in a sand pit (arenarium) of the Catacombs of Priscilla on the via Salaria. In 1791 seen by Luigi Gaetano Marini in the Cemetery of Saints Thraso and Saturninus, likewise on the via Salaria.

Discussion

The expression cum sanctis may refer to a burial ad sanctos, or a conviction that the deceased would be admitted to the eternal glory with the ‘saints’, i.e. all the redeemed Christians, in Heavens. It is not clear whether the name of the deceased was Anastasius or Anastasia. The editors of the Epigraphic Database Bari date the inscription to the late 3rd or early 4th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB14289. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/14289 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A., Mazzoleni, D. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 9: Viae Salariae coemeteria reliqua (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1985), no. 23791 (with further bibliography).

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