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E07473: Very fragmentary Latin inscriptions referring to some martyrs whose names are lost, probably *Alexander and *Eventius (bishop and priest, martyrs of Rome, S00127). Found in the cemetery of Saint Alexander on the via Nomentana, Rome. Probably 5th c. or later. [provisional entry]

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posted on 23.03.2019, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Inscription A:

On a fragment of the top surface of a marble latticework screen. Broken into two conjoining fragments. H. 21 cm, W. 30 cm. Letter height 5 cm. Line 1 is scratched, and may be either a later addition to the proper text, or, as suggested by Ferrua, a stonecutter's draft, made before he carved the elegant text.

[- - -] MAR[- - -]
[- - -] martyr[- - -]

Inscription B:

On a similar fragment of a marble screen, likewise broken into two parts, but also incorporating one complete and two partly lost arches at the bottom. H. 18 cm; W. 25 cm; Th. 2.5 cm. Letter height 2.3 cm.

[- - - m]artiri [- - -]

Text: ICVR, n.s., VIII, no. 22961 = EDB41552 and EDB41553.

History

Evidence ID

E07473

Saint Name

Alexander, Eventius and Theodolus, bishop, priest and deacon, martyrs of Rome : S00127 Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Saint Name in Source

martyres, martyr

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

1000

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

1000

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Source

The right-hand fragments of Inscription A and B were recorded in 1888 by Giovanni Battista de Rossi, in the cemetery's basilica. Further fragments were found by Josi and Marucchi. Now displayed on a wall in sector E of the cemetery.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB41552. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/41552 Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB41553. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/41553 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 8: Coemeteria viarum Nomentanae et Salariae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1983), no. 22961 (with further bibliography).

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