Saint NameAlexander, Eventius and Theodolus, bishop, priest and deacon, martyrs of Rome : S00127
Saints, unnamed : S00518
Saint Name in Sourcesancti
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBequests, donations, gifts and offerings
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesWomen
Other lay individuals/ people
SourceThe two inscriptions are carved on two faces of two columns bases, made of marble, and measuring 25 cm x 21 cm x 21 cm. Both texts are framed, and measure respectively 10 cm x 18.5 cm, and 11 cm x 18.5 cm. Letter height 2.2 cm. The columns supported by the bases were probably designed to carry the ciborium.
Found by Giovani Battista de Rossi in 1854, in proximity of the saints’ altar in the cemetery.
DiscussionIt is very probable that both inscriptions come from the same dedicatory text, the majority of which is now lost. Ferrua suggested a hypothetical restoration of the entire inscription, including the text from the other two, now lost, bases of the ciborium: [NN sepulcrum] sanctorum ornavit [Eventio et Alexandro sanctis martyribus. NN et] Iunia Sabina c.f. eius fecerunt / '[NN] decorated [the tomb] of the saints [Eventius and Alexander, the holy martyrs. NN and] Iunia Sabina, the clarissima, his wife, made (it)'. Although the general sense is plausible, the actual phrasing can, of course, be disputed.
Orazio Marucchi rather implausibly considered Inscription B as an independent dedication and understood it as: Iulia Sabina c(um) f(ilio) eius fecerunt/'Iulia Sabina with her son - they made it'.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB41549.
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 8: Coemeteria viarum Nomentanae et Salariae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1983), no. 22959 (with further bibliography).