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E07468: Very fragmentary painted Latin and Greek inscriptions, allegedly referring to the see of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and to *Papias (martyr of Rome, S02057). Found in the Coemeterium Maius / Catacombe di Sant'Emerenziana on the via Nomentana, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c. [provisional entry]

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posted on 23.03.2019, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Inscription A:

II
febras
ob amor[- - -]
IS san.[- - -]

RomaIIe[---]

The text was restored by Armellini as follows: [XV kal.] febras ob amor[em sed]is san[cti Petri qua primum] Romae se[dit]/'[On the 15th day before the Calends] of February, through love of the see of Saint [Peter, which (?)] he first held in Rome'. Ferrua is rightly sceptical about the accuracy of this restoration.

Inscription B:

(monogramm: Θεόδωρος) πρ(εσβύτερος)

'Theodore the presbyter'

The inscription is probably later than the other two, and dated to the 5th c. by de Rossi.

Inscription C:

[---]p[---]
[---]ia [---]

This is taken by Ferrua as the name of the martyr Papias and associated with $E06038.

Text: ICVR, n.s., VIII, no. 21593 = EDB35779, EDB16898, EDB35780.

History

Evidence ID

E07468

Saint Name

Peter, the Apostle : S00036 Papias and Maurus, soldiers and martyrs of Rome : S02057

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

375

Evidence not after

425

Activity not before

375

Activity not after

425

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Inscription A: on a wall in cubiculum G, to the left of the entrance. Inscription B: on a large marble plaque ('mensa marmorea') closing an arcosolium tomb in cubiculum G. Inscription C: on a fragment of plaster (H. 7 cm. W. 7 cm). Letters painted black, letter height 2.5-3 cm. When recorded by Ferrua, the fragment was kept in cubiculum G, but was said to have been found at the staircase B, under a wall-painting showing martyrs.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB35779. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/35779 Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB16898. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/16898 Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB35780. see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/35780 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 8: Coemeteria viarum Nomentanae et Salariae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1983), no. 21594 (with further bibliography).

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