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E07450: The late 4th to 6th century collection of Miracles of *Menas (soldier martyr of Egypt, S00073), ascribed to Timothy of Alexandria, recounts the story of a pagan who vowed to dedicate a horse both to Menas and his pagan god, but the animal was born with three legs. Written in Greek in Alexandria.

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posted on 10.03.2019, 00:00 by erizos
Timothy of Alexandria, Miracles of Menas (CPG 2527, BHG 1256-1269)

Miracle 10. The rich pagan man (BHG 1266)

Summary:

A pagan called Prinos lives near the lake, within the district of Alexandria. In his village, there is a great temple with a statue, to which he offers sacrifices and gifts. He has an excellent mare which was barren. Hearing some Christians talking about the miracles of Menas, he vows that, if his mare gives birth, he will consecrate three legs of the colt to the martyr, and one to his god. The horse indeed gives birth to a colt which is born with three legs. The saint appears to the man in a dream and challenges him to ask his statue to give a fourth leg to the colt. Prinos becomes a Christian, alongside his entire household, and offers half of his fortune to the saint’s shrine.

Text: Pomialovskii 1900.
Summary: E. Rizos.

History

Evidence ID

E07450

Saint Name

Menas, soldier and martyr buried at Abu Mena : S00073

Saint Name in Source

Μηνᾶς

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Collections of miracles

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

380

Evidence not after

700

Activity not before

380

Activity not after

700

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Abu Mina Alexandria

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Abu Mina Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Alexandria Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - tomb/grave

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Vow

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Punishing miracle Miracles causing conversion Apparition, vision, dream, revelation Fertility- and family-related miracles (infertility, marriages)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Pagans Animals

Source

The collection is preserved, not always intact, in 69 manuscripts, on which see: https://pinakes.irht.cnrs.fr/notices/oeuvre/9359/

Discussion

For the context of this story, see E07440.

Bibliography

Text: Pomialovskii, I., Житие преподобного Паисия Великого и Тимофея патриарха Александрийского повествование о чудесах св. великомученика Мины (St Petersburg, 1900), 61-89. Further reading: Delehaye, H., "Les recueils antiques de miracles des saints," Analecta Bollandiana 43 (1925), 5-85, 305-325. Efthymiadis, S., "Collections of Miracles (Fifth-Fifteenth Centuries)," in: S. Efthymiadis (ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography II: Genres and Contexts (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014), 106.

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