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E07370: Monogram probably commemorating a 'Vincentius', perhaps *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), on a column capital in Carthage (Africa Proconsularis), perhaps of 533/698.

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posted on 18.01.2019, 00:00 by sadamiak
A monogram in the form of a Greek cross, containing these letters: V over T at the top, N on the left, C on the right, and S at the bottom.

History

Evidence ID

E07370

Saint Name

Vincent/Vincentius, deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia : S00290

Image Caption 1

From Y. Duval 1982, no. 2

Type of Evidence

Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.) Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

533

Evidence not after

698

Activity not before

533

Activity not after

698

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Carthage

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Cult Activities - Cult Related Objects

Inscription

Source

The monogram is on a capital found in ruins in the valley of Byrsa in Carthage. It is now in the Museum of Carthage.

Discussion

Yvette Duval identified the name borne by this monogram as 'Vincentius', and associated it with the famous Spanish martyr, Vincent of Saragossa. According to her, this is all the more probable because the Greek cross form of the monogram indicates clearly that it comes from Byzantine times (i.e. 533-698). We should however note that monograms on capitals are normally those of donors, not those of saints.

Bibliography

Duval, Y., Loca sanctorum Africae: Le culte des martyrs en Afrique du IVe au VIIe siècle (Rome: École Française de Rome, 1982), vol. 1, 6-7, no. 2.

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