Saint NamePeter, the Apostle : S00036
Paul, the Apostle : S00008
Saint Name in SourcePeter
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before301
Evidence not after499
Activity not before301
Activity not after499
Place of Evidence - RegionLatin North Africa
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcCarthage
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Carthage
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBurial ad sanctos
Cult Activities - RelicsUnspecified relic
Cult Activities - Cult Related ObjectsInscription
SourceA limestone slab, broken at the bottom and at the top left, currently measuring 48 cm high by 41 cm wide; letters between 4,5 and 5 cm. The first part of the inscription, in four lines, is surrounded by a garland.
Currently in the Museum of Carthage (Tunisia).
DiscussionThe word 'reliquias' is a Vulgar latin form of 'reliquiae'.
It is unclear what the second part of the incription refers to. According to Y. Duval, it cannot be an ex-voto, because it indicates the deposition of the relics. Therefore, it may be:
1. the name of the donor of the inscription;
2. the name of the person who deposited the relics;
3. the beginning of a separate epitaph of someone who was buried 'ad sanctos'; this is the least likely possibility.
BibliographyDuval, Y., Loca sanctorum Africae: Le culte des martyrs en Afrique du IVe au VIIe siècle (Rome: École Française de Rome, 1982), vol. 1, 5-6, no. 1.