Saint NameMetrophanes, bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople), ob. 314. : S01599
Alexandros, bishop of Constantinople, ob. 326 : S02286
Saint Name in SourceΜητροφάνης
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Hagiographical - Lives
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after600
Activity not before500
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionConstantinople and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcConstantinople
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Constantinople
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsComposing and translating saint-related texts
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
SourceFor the manuscript tradition, see:
DiscussionThe Life of Metrophanes and Alexandros belongs to a group of hagiographic texts which were composed in Constantinople, possibly in the 6th century. These texts include the Lives of *Paul the Confessor (E07002), and *Athanasius of Alexandria (now lost, E07163), the Martyrdom of *Markianos and Martyrios the Notaries (E06890), and the Life of *Isaakios (E06980). All of these works are characterised by the poverty of their information about their heroes and their dependence on the 5th century ecclesiastical histories, especially Socrates. Consequently, they can be no earlier than the mid 5th century. Three of them (the Lives of Metrophanes and Alexandros, Paul the Confessor, and Athanasius) were read by Photius in the 9th century, and were summarised in his Bibliotheca in three consecutive chapters (246, 247, 248), which suggests that the author may have found them in the same volume. Their composition may have been politically motivated by an effort to celebrate the contribution of Constantinople to Orthodoxy (Fusco 1996).
Metrophanes and Alexandros were both buried and venerated at the shrine of Akakios, and their cult was closely tied into the memory of the origins of the city in the age of Constantine.
Gedeon, M., in Ἐκκλησιαστική Ἀλήθεια 4 (1884), 287-291, 296-300, 306-310, 321-326.
Fusco, R., La vita premetafrastica di Paolo il Confessore (BHG 1472a). Un vescovo di Costantinopoli tra storia e leggenda (Rome, 1996).