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E06589: The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in September.

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posted on 24.09.2018, 00:00 by Philip
Gelasian Sacramentary 2.53-59

Below are the entries from the Sacramentary that relate to the feasts of saints; other entries, to feasts of the Christian year that were not for saints, are not included in our database.

Kal. Septembres in natali sancti Prisci.
'1 September on the feast of saint Priscus.'
[*Priscus, martyr of Capua, S02538]
Three prayers listed.

VI Id. Septembres in nativit. sanctae Mariae.
'8 September on the birthday of saint Mary.'
[*Mary, Mother of Christ, S00033]
Four prayers listed.

V Id. Septembres in natali sancti Gurgoni.
'9 September on the feast of saint Gurgonus.'
[*Gorgonius, martyr of Rome, buried on the via Labicana, S00576]
Three prayers listed.

XVIII Kal. Octobres in natali sanctorum Corneli et Cypriani.
'14 September on the feast of the saints Cornelius and Cyprianus.'
[*Cornelius, bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172; Cyprian, bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411]
Three prayers listed.

V Kal Octobres in natali sanctorum Cosmae et Damiani.
'27 September on the feast of the saints Cosmas and Damianus.'
[*Kosmas/Cosmas and Damianos, brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385]
Three prayers listed.

III Kal. Octobres orationes in sancti archangeli Michaelis.
'29 September prayers for saint Michael archangel.'
[*Michael, the Archangel, S00181]
Three prayers listed.

Edition: Wilson 1894. Translation: P. Polcar.

History

Evidence ID

E06589

Saint Name

Priscus, martyr of Capua (south Italy) : S02538 Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Gorgonius, martyr of Rome, buried on the via Labicana : S00576 Cornelius, bishop and martyr of Rome, and companion martyrs : S00172 Cyprian, bishop and martyr of Cart

Saint Name in Source

Priscus Maria Gurgonius Cornelius Cyprianus Cosmas et Damianus Michael

Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Sacramentaries

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

628

Evidence not after

750

Activity not before

628

Activity not after

750

Place of Evidence - Region

Gaul and Frankish kingdoms Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Paris Rome

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Paris Tours Tours Toronica urbs Prisciniacensim vicus Pressigny Turonorum civitas Ceratensis vicus Céré Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Sacramentarium Gelasianum

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Source

The 'Gelasian Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Gelasianum) is a compilation of liturgical texts, mostly prayers, for use in church celebrations such as the Eucharist, the administration of sacraments, or other liturgical events. It is the second oldest extant liturgical book in the West, the oldest being the 'Verona Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Veronense). It has been preserved in one manuscript, now divided into two parts: the Codex Vaticanus Reginensis Latinus 316, and the Codex Latinus 7193 of the Bibliotèque Nationale in Paris. The Gelasian Sacramentary is preserved in a Frankish version, copied in c. 750; it must have been used in contemporary Francia (for nobody would copy liturgy if they did not intend to put it to use). The core of the Sacramentary is, however, undoubtedly of Roman origin for use in the area of Rome, as is evident from the inclusion of so many saints from the city and from the regions around it (some of them not particularly well known). The composition of these core texts can be dated between 628 and 715 (Vogel 1986, 69). This substratum is also a mixture of various sources. At some point before the pontificate of Gregory II (715-731), this early version of the sacramentary was brought to Gaul, where prayers were added for certain celebrations, such as for the consecration of virgins, the dedication of churches, and the blessing of holy water.

Bibliography

Edition: Wilson, H.A., Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae, (Oxford, 1894). Further Reading: Vogel, C., Medieval Liturgy: An Introduction to the Sources, (Washington, 1986), 61-76.

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