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E06451: Fragmentary Greek calendar of unknown Egyptian provenance, mentioning feast days of Apa *Bane (S01696), Apa *Jule/Apaioule (S00736), Apa *Panodoros (S02732), Apa *Phib (S00774), Apa *Apollo (S00160), Apa *Sors (S02733), and Apa *Pebe (S02734); datable to the 6th/7th century.

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posted on 11.09.2018, 00:00 by gschenke
SB 18 13140

This seems to be a calendar of feast days for ascetic saints, though some remain difficult to identify with certainty.

Ἄπα Βάνι        Χοιὰκ ιδ
Ἄπα Ἰωλε       Παῦνι ιβ̣
Ἄπα <Πα>νόδωρος
Ἄπα Φειβ
Ἄπα Ἀπολλω Μεχεὶρ ε
Ἄπα Σορς       Μεχ̣εὶρ  ιδ
Ἄπα Π̣εβη      Μεχεὶρ ιζ
Ἄ̣π̣α̣   ̣  ̣[ - - - - ] κ̣α
[ - - -- ]  ̣ κϛ̣
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

'Apa Bane: Choiak 14 (10 December)
Apa Ioule: Pauni 12 (6 June)
Apa ‹Pa›nodoros
Apa Phib
Apa Apollo: Mecheir 5 (30 January)
Apa Sors: Mecheir 14 (8 February)
Apa Pebe: Mecheir 17 (11 February)
Apa [..... ....] 21
[.... ..... .....] 26'


(Text and trans.: J. Gascou)

A complete record of the text can be found at:

http://www.papyri.info/ddbdp/sb;18;13140

History

Evidence ID

E06451

Saint Name

Bane, Apa Bane, abbot : S01696 Apollo, founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th c. : S00160 Apaioule, anchorite, ascetic and monachos near Hnes/Herakleopolis (ob. 303–311) : S00736 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774 Panodoros, Apa Panodoros : S02732

Saint Name in Source

Ἄπα Βάνι Ἄπα Ἀπολλω Ἄπα Ἰωλε Ἄπα Φειβ Ἄπα <Πα>νόδωρος Ἄπα Σορς Ἄπα Π̣εβη

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Liturgical texts - Calendars and martyrologies

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

699

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

699

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Source

This papyrus document is kept at the Universitätsbibliothek in Giessen, P. Iand. 318.

Discussion

For Apa Ioule, or Apaioule, in line 2 one would expect a feast day in January. The anchorite Apaioule is celebrated on 16 January, which, however, corresponds to Tybi 21.

Bibliography

Text and translation: Gascou, J., "Un nouveau calendrier de saints égyptien (P. Iand. inv. 318)," Analecta Bollandiana 107 (1989) 384–392.

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