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E06342: Two letters of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 3.23 and 5.50), of 593 and 595, mention a monastery dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) in Naples (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.

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posted on 11.09.2018, 00:00 by frances
Pope Gregory the Great, Register of Letters 3.23 [593]


Extract from a letter to Petrus, sub-deacon and papal agent in Campania:

Experientiae tuae huius auctoritatis tenore praecipimus ut, suprascripto Secundino remoto abbatis officio, Theodosium, quem congregatio ipsa sibi petiit ordinari, in monasterio sancti Martini abbatem sollemniter per eum cuius interest facias ordinari.

‘We therefore order your experience with the power of this authority to remove the above-mentioned Secundius from the office of abbot and see that Theodosius, whose community has itself asked for him to be ordained, is appointed abbot in the monastery of Saint Martin, with due solemnity, through him whom it concerns.’


Pope Gregory the Great, Register of Letters 5.50 [595]


Extract from a letter to Fortunatus, bishop of Naples:

Peruenit ad nos, insinuante Theodosio abbate monasterii sancti Martini, tres se illic in siciliam monachos, quos pro utilitate monasterii sui transmiserat, retinuisse.

‘It has come to our attention from the report of Theodosius, abbot of the monastery of Saint Martin, that he has retained three monks there in Sicily, whom he had sent over for the advantage of his monastery.’


Text: Norberg 1982, vol. 1, 169 and 340. Translation: Martyn 2004, vol. 1, 251 and vol. 2, 376.

History

Evidence ID

E06342

Saint Name

Martin, ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397 : S00050

Saint Name in Source

Martinus

Type of Evidence

Literary - Letters

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

593

Evidence not after

595

Activity not before

593

Activity not after

595

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Rome

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Gregory the Great (pope)

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Source

A letter transmitted as part of Gregory the Great’s Register of Letters. This letter collection, organised into fourteen books, is large and contains letters to a variety of recipients, including prominent aristocrats, members of the clergy and royalty. The issues touched on in the letters are equally varied, ranging from theological considerations to mundane administrative matters. This collection of letters, which was possibly curated by Gregory, was originally much larger. The surviving Register comprises several groups of letters which were extracted at several later moments in history, the largest of which took place in the papacy of Hadrian I (772-795).

Discussion

An oratory near this monastery – dedicated to *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) is also mentioned by Gregory. See E06359, E02772.

Bibliography

Edition: Norberg, D., S. Gregorii Magni, Registrum epistularum. 2 vols. (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 140-140A; Turnhout: Brepols, 1982). English translation: Martyn, J.R.C., The Letters of Gregory the Great, 3 vols. (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2004). Further Reading: Neil, B., and Dal Santo, M. (eds.), A Companion to Gregory the Great (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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