Saint NameSaints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744
Image Caption 1Photograph. From: IG IV2 3, Tabula VII, no. 1280.
Image Caption 2General plan of Ancient Corinth, showing the area of 'Boudroumi' shops. From: IG IV2 3, 199.
Image Caption 3Drawing. From: Meritt 1931, 123, no. 206.
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed objects
Inscriptions - Graffiti
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionBalkans including Greece
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcCorinth
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Corinth
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - MiraclesPunishing miracle
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesPrisoners
SourceFragment of a white limestone floor slab, left margin preserved. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.34 m; W. 0.46 m; Th. 0.055-0.06 m. Letter height 0.027-0.065 m. Found in 1901 at the back of the 'Boudroumi' vaults among the shops north-west of the agora of ancient Corinth. Now in the Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth (inv. no. 136).
DiscussionThe inscription is one of several graffiti carved into the floor of a prison in Corinth. This fragment of a limestone floor slab preserves the prayer of two men, Andreas and Georgios. They are probably prisoners who seek help from a saint whose name is lost. The saint is invoked to enable their release from prison and to punish probably those who accused them (ἀπόλεσον). We can only guess the reason of their imprisonment. The 'Boudroumi' arches were vaults among the shops north-west of the agora of ancient Corinth. It is therefore likely that Andreas and Georgios were addicti, debtors confined by their creditors (probably merchants) in order to enforce payment (see Breytenbach 2016, 305).
For a similar graffito, see E06300.
Dating: The editors of the Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database date the inscription to the 5th-6th c., which is plausible on the basis of its Christian content and archaeological context.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 2814: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/2814
Inscriptiones Graecae IV (2nd ed.) 3, no. 1280 and Tab. VII.
Meritt, B. D., Corinth, vol. 8, part 1: Greek Inscriptions 1896–1927 (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1931), 123, no. 206 with drawing.
Breytenbach, C., “Christian prisoners: fifth and sixth century inscriptions from Corinth,” Acta Theologica, Supplementum 23 (2016), 302-309.
Feissel, D., “Inventaires en vue d’un recueil des inscriptions historiques de Byzance. III. Inscriptions du Péloponnèse (à l’exception de Mistra),” Travaux et Mémoires 9 (1985), 361, no. 21*.
Wallbank, M.B., “Where have all the names gone? The Christian community in Corinth in the Late Roman and Early Byzantine eras,” in S. Friesen, D.N. Schowalter, and J. Walters (eds.), Corinth in Context: Comparative Studies on Religion and Society (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 134, Leiden: Brill, 2010), 300 n. 36, 302 n. 70.