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E05894: Hesychius of Jerusalem composes his Homily 13, On *Peter and *Paul (apostles, S00036 and S00008), which he preaches during their feast on 28 December in Jerusalem. Written in Greek at Jerusalem, in the early 5th c.

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posted on 30.06.2018, 00:00 by erizos
Hesychius of Jerusalem, Homily 13, On Peter and Paul (CPG 6577 = BHG 1501f)

1. Praise of Peter.

2-7. Paul the persecutor is called and won by Christ, and becomes a great apostle.

History

Evidence ID

E05894

Saint Name

Paul, the Apostle : S00008 Peter the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source

Παῦλος Πέτρος

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

410

Evidence not after

450

Activity not before

410

Activity not after

450

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jerusalem

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jerusalem Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Major author/Major anonymous work

Hesychius of Jerusalem

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Hesychius lived as a monk and priest in Palestine and Jerusalem in the first half of the 5th century. A member of the clergy of the Holy Sepulchre, he was a leading theologian and author, flourishing from the 410s to perhaps after 451. He was a close associate of Juvenal (bishop of Jerusalem 422-458), and participated in the theological debate against Nestorius, supporting Cyril of Alexandria. The date of his death is uncertain. Theophanes reports that he died in the same year as Melania the Younger (ed. de Boor 92, 20: AM 5926), but he is also reported to have been alive when the Council of Chalcedon took place in 451, and to have opposed it. His surviving works include commentaries and homilies. He is known to have published an ecclesiastical history, which has not survived. The circulation of his works in the Middle Ages seems to have been geographically limited, since they tend to be found in manuscripts from Jerusalem and southern Italy, but hardly ever in Constantinopolitan ones. His homilies are important testimonies for the early stages of development of the liturgical traditions of the church of Jerusalem, and the appearance of a number of feasts with a strong Marian dimension like the 14 February feast of Hypapante (Candlemas) and 15 August. On the manuscript tradition of Homily 13, see Aubineau 1978, 494-498: http://pinakes.irht.cnrs.fr/notices/oeuvre/9094/

Discussion

This homily is certainly related to the feast of the two apostles on 28 December, which is recorded by the Armenian and Georgian Lectionaries of Jerusalem (E05190; E03472). The venue of the feast is not mentioned by either of these sources, but is thought to have been the church of the Anastasis in Jerusalem.

Bibliography

Text, French translation, and commentary: Aubineau, M., Les homélies festales d’Hésychius de Jérusalem I: les homélies I-XV (Subsidia Hagiographica 59: Brussels, 1978).

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