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E05863: A possibly authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant by Hlothhere, king of the people of Kent (south-east Britain), of land at Stodmarsh, Kent, to the monastery outside Canterbury dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin, probably in Kent, 1 April 675.

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posted on 22.06.2018, 00:00 by bsavill
Charter of King Hlothere (Sawyer 7, excerpted)

In nomine Domini Dei et saluatoris Iesu Christi. Ego Lotharius rex Cantuariorum, anno regni nostri primo, indictione tercia, sub die kalendarum Aprilis [...] terram trium aratorum in marisco qui appellatur Stodmerch' iuxta Fordeuuicam [...] abbati et monasterio beati Petri apostolorum principis quod situm est iuxta ciuitatem Dorouernis in suburbio in sempiterno possidenda concedimus et confirmamus [...] pro remedio anime mee et absolucione peccatorum meorum [...]

'In the name of the Lord God and Saviour Jesus Christ. I, Hlothhere, king of the people of Kent, in the first year of our reign, in the third indiction, on the kalends of April ... grant and confirm the land of three sulungs in the marsh which is called Stodmarsh, next to Fordwich ... to be possessed forever by the abbot and monastery of blessed Peter, prince of the apostles, which is situated next to the city of Canterbury, in its suburb ... for the remedy of my soul and the absolution of my sins ...'

Text: Kelly 1995, no. 6, 26-7. Translation: B. Savill.

History

Evidence ID

E05863

Saint Name

Peter the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source

Petrus

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Charter or diploma Documentary texts - Donation document

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

675

Evidence not after

675

Activity not before

675

Activity not after

675

Place of Evidence - Region

Britain and Ireland

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Canterbury

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Canterbury St Albans St Albans Verulamium

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - abbots Monarchs and their family

Source

This charter survives only as a much later copy, in a 15th century manuscript. Its most recent editor argues that its 'absolute authenticity... must remain undecided, but the present text does represent or at least rely on a genuine seventh-century charter.' (Kelly 1995, 27-30). For further details, see this charter's entry on the Electronic Sawyer: http://www.esawyer.org.uk/charter/7.html

Discussion

This monastery at Canterbury would later become known as St Augustine's, after its founder Augustine, first bishop of Canterbury (597-?609). Although the house was apparently established as a monastery dedicated to both Peter and Paul (c.f. Bede, Ecclesiastical History 1.33), this early charter only records a dedication to Peter.

Bibliography

Edition: Kelly, S.E., Charters of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, and Minster-in-Thanet (Oxford, 1995). Further reading: Sawyer, P.H., Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Annotated List and Bibliography (London, 1968); revd. S.E. Kelly and R. Rushforth et al. online at http://www.esawyer.org.uk

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