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E05734: Latin epitaph for a reader of the titulus-church of Pudens, in hagiography the father of *Pudentiana (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00591). Found in the cemetery of Hippolytus on the via Tiburtina, Rome. Dated 528.

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posted on 15.06.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ hic requiescit in pace Hilarius lctor t(i)t(uli) Pudenis
qui vixit ann(os) pl(us) m(inus) XXX d(e)p(ositus) VII idus iul(ias) p(ost) c(onsulatum) Maborti v(iri) c(larissimi)

1. LICTOR stone || PVDENIIS stone

'+ Here rests in peace Hilarius, reader of the titulus-church of Pudens, who lived more or less 30 years. Buried on the 7th day before the ides of July, after the consulship of (empty space) Mavortius, of clarissimus rank.'

Text: ICVR, n.s., V, no. 19994 = EDB21787.

History

Evidence ID

E05734

Saint Name

Pudentiana, virgin and martyr of Rome : S00591

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

528

Evidence not after

528

Activity not before

528

Activity not after

528

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

The inscription is carved on the threshold of a doorway leading to the 'vestibule' of the subterranean basilica in the cemetery of Hippolytus. H. 0.44 m; W. 2.86 m. Letter height 0.033 m. The inscribed face is weathered. Found in the early 1880s during the exploration of the subterranean basilica in the cemetery of Hippolytus on the via Tiburtina by Orazio Marucchi and Mariano Armellini, and subsequently published by them. The present reference edition is by Antonio Ferrua in the seventh volume of the Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae (1980). A photograph is offered in the epigraphic database Bari.

Discussion

The inscription is the epitaph for a reader of the titulus-church of Pudentiana. This is the predecessor of the modern church of Santa Pudenziana on the Viminal Hill (on the vicus Patricius). The church occurs under different names, also, for example, ecclesia Pudentiana, and titulus Pudentis, as it is termed here. According to the legendary account of her martyrdom (E02507), Pudentiana was a sister of *Praxedis and a daughter of Pudens, a Roman senator who received the Apostle *Peter during his stay in Rome. The story is clearly fictional and the name of the church, titulus Pudentis, may well in fact derive from the name of the owner of the house and the plot of land, where the church is now located, later turned into the fictional figure. For an inscription with a reference to the titulus-church of Praxedis, found in the same cemetery, see E05353. For the epitaph for a presbyter of the titulus Pudentianae, dating probably from the 5th c., and found in the same cemetery, see E05356. Dating: Our epitaph is dated by a consular year, falling on 528 (the year following the consulship of Mavortius, AD 527).

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, nos. EDB21787, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/21787 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 7: Coemeteria via Tiburtinae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1980), no. 19994 (with further bibliography). Bovini, G., Sant'Ippolito (Città del Vaticano: Pontificio istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1943), 144. Hendrichs, F., La voce delle chiese antichissime di Roma (Rome: Desclée & C. Editori Pontifici, 1933), Fig. 264 (image). Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 1 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1925), no. 1272. Marucchi, O., Le catacombe romane (Rome: Desclée, Lefebvre E.C., 1905, 2nd ed.), 333. Armellini, M., Gli antichi cimeteri cristiani di Roma e d'Italia (Rome: Tipografia poliglotta, 1893), 321. Marucchi, O., "Conferenze della società di cultori della cristiana archeologia in Roma", Bullettino di archeologia cristiana 4 Ser. 2 (1883), 107. Giornale degli scavi VII, 63 no. 171. For the cemetery of Hippolytus, the subterranean basilica with his tomb, and a lost basilica on the surface, see the works listed in: Bertonière, G., The Cult Center of the Martyr Hippolitus on the via Tiburtina (Oxford: B.A.R., 1985). Löx, M., Monumenta Sanctorum: Rom und Mailand als Zentren des frühen Christentums. Märtyrerkult und Kirchenbau unter den Bischöfen Damasus und Ambrosius (Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, 2013), 64, 211. Nuzzo, D., "Hyppoliti coemeterium", in LexiconTopographicum Urbis Romae. Suburbium, vol. 3, 68-75. Trout, D., Damasus of Rome: The Epigraphic Poetry. Introduction, Texts, Translations, and Commentary (Oxford: OUP, 2015), 146-147.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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