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E05699: Coptic Ostracon from the area of Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) with a letter mentioning a place of Apa *Joseph (possibly the Old Testament patriarch, S00277) were a service takes place; datable to the 8th century.

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posted on 12.06.2018, 00:00 by gschenke
O.CrumVC 63

The letter is mainly concerned with sending and receiving various commodities, but in lines 11–16 a service performed at Apa Joseph is mentioned which appears to be a church dedicated to Apa Joseph. The passage reads as follows:

ⲁⲡⲁⲡⲁⲥ ϫⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲁ ϫⲉ ϣⲁⲕⲃⲱⲕ ⲉⲁⲡⲁ ⲱⲥⲏⲫ ⲛⲅⲥⲩⲛⲁⲅⲉ ⲁⲃⲱⲕ ⲙⲡⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲛⲧⲱⲡ̣ⲉ : ϯⲛⲁⲃⲱⲕ ⲟⲛ ⲙⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲙⲛ ⲣⲁⲥⲧⲉ · ⲛⲧⲁⲱϣⲙ
ⲡⲕ‘ⲱ’ϩⲧ ⲙⲡϭⲱⲛⲧ · ϫⲉ ϯⲛⲟ̣ ⲉⲣⲟϥ ⲉⲁϥⲛ̣ⲟ̣‘ⲩ’ϭⲥ

‘Papas has sent to me saying: “You usually go to Apa Joseph and perform the service.” I did go in the holiday of Tybi. I will go again today and tomorrow and will quench the flame of anger, because I know him having been angry.’

(Text and translation: W. E. Crum, slightly modified)

History

Evidence ID

E05699

Saint Name

Joseph, Old Testament patriarch : S00277

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲱⲥⲏⲫ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Letter Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermonthis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Church

Source

The ostracon inv. no 475 is kept at the Bodleian Library in Oxford.

Bibliography

Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Varia Coptica (Aberdeen, 1939), 22 (text), 30–31 (trans.).

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