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E05570: The Life of *Hypatios (abbot of Rufinianae, ob. 446, S02090) by Kallinikos mentions that when Nestorius of Constantinople was deposed by the Council of Ephesus (431), Hypatios of Rufinianae had a dream vision of *John (Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) instructing the emperor to condemn Nestorius. Written in Greek at Rufinianae (near Constantinople), 447/450.

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posted on 28.05.2018, 00:00 by erizos
Kallinikos of Rufinianae, Life of Hypatios (CPG 6042 = BHG 760), 32. 17-20.

32. (17) Ὡς οὖν ὥδευσεν ἐν τῇ Ἐφέσῳ ὁ Νεστόριος καὶ συνεκροτήθη σύνοδος, τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ᾗ ἔμελλε καθαιρεῖσθαι, ὁρᾷ ὁ Ὑπάτιος ὅτι ἄγγελος Κυρίου κρατήσας τὸν ἅγιον Ἰωάννην τὸν ἀπόστολον ἀπήγαγεν πρὸς τὸν εὐσεβέστατον βασιλέα λέγων· (18) «Εἰπὲ τῷ βασιλεῖ· ‘Δὸς ἀπόφασιν Νεστορίῳ.’» Κἀκεῖνος ἀκούσας ἔδωκεν. (19) Καὶ ἐσημειώσατο τὴν ἡμέραν, καὶ ηὑρέθη ὅτι ἐν αὐτῇ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ καθῃρέθη, πληρωθέντων τῶν τριῶν ἥμισυ ἐτῶν, καθὼς ὁ Κύριος προεδήλωσεν αὐτῷ. (20) Καὶ μετ’ ὀλίγας ἡμέρας ἠνέχθη ἡ καθαίρεσις Νεστορίου· καὶ ἀνεγνώσθη ἐνώπιον παντὸς τοῦ κλήρου καὶ τοῦ λαοῦ, παρόντων ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ Εὐλαλίου καὶ Ὑπατίου.

‘Thus when Nestorius went to Ephesus and the council was convoked, on the day when he was going to be deposed, Hypatios saw an angel carrying Saint John the Apostle and taking him to the most pious emperor, saying: “Issue a condemnation for Nestorius.” And he obeyed and issued it. So he noted down the day and it was ascertained that he was deposed on the same day, after completing three and a half years, as God had revealed to him [Hypatios]. Some days later, the announcement of Nestorius’ deposition arrived, and was read out before all the clergy and laity, while Eulalios [bishop of Chalcedon] and Hypatios were present in the church.’

Text: Bartelink 1971. Translation: E. Rizos.

History

Evidence ID

E05570

Saint Name

John, the Apostle and Evangelist : S00042 Hypatios, abbot of Rufinianae, ob. 446 : S02090

Saint Name in Source

Ἰωάννης Ὑπάτιος

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

447

Evidence not after

450

Activity not before

431

Activity not after

431

Place of Evidence - Region

Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chalcedon

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chalcedon Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracles experienced by the saint Apparition, vision, dream, revelation Miraculous intervention in issues of doctrine

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Ecclesiastics - abbots Heretics Monarchs and their family

Source

The Life of Hypatios is the biography of one of the earliest monastic leaders of broader Constantinople, and foundation account of a major monastic centre, that of Rufinianae near Chalcedon (today’s Caddebostan, in Anatolian Istanbul). Our text places its hero in the third place among the founding fathers of Constantinopolitan monasticism, after Isaakios and Dalmatios. The text starts with a preface by an author who addresses a certain Eutychos, and states that he is the editor of a text originally written by a disciple of Hypatios, called Kallinikos. The text is thought to have been written shortly after the death of Hypatios (446), probably between 447 and 450: it mentions the Hunnic invasion of 447, but does not refer to the doctrinal disputes concerning the natures of Christ in 448-451. Kallinikos was reportedly a Syriac speaker, whose spelling mistakes in Greek the editor reports having corrected, without altering the style of his language. The text is preserved in four manuscripts, on which see Bartelink 1971, 41-55.

Discussion

For the context of the passage, see E05567.

Bibliography

Text: Bartelink, G., Callinicos, Vie d'Hypatios (Sources Chretiennes 177; Paris: Cerf, 1971), with French translation and commentary. Other translations: Festugière, A.-J., Les moines d'Orient, vol. 2, Les moines de la région de Constantinople (Paris, 1961), 11–86. Capizzi, C., Vita di Ipazio (Roma, 1982).

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