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E05568: The Life of Hypatios by Kallinikos mentions the transfer of the relics of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) 'as is done for the great martyrs', from his burial site in Pontus (northern Asia Minor) to Constantinople in 438. Written in Greek at Rufinianae (near Constantinople), 447/450.

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posted on 28.05.2018, 00:00 by erizos
Kallinikos of Rufinianae, Life of Hypatios (CPG 6042 = BHG 760), 11.5-7

11. (5) Ὡς αὕτως δὲ καὶ ὁ μέγας Ἰωάννης τότε ὢν ἐπίσκοπος πάνυ ἐφρόντιζε καὶ ἠγάπα τοὺς δούλους τοῦ Θεοῦ, ὁ ὄντως τοῖς ἔργοις ἐπίσκοπος, ὁ λύχνος τῆς ἐκκλησίας, ὁ ἔντιμος λίθος τοῦ στεφάνου τῆς πίστεως, ὁ μηδὲν ἀνάξιον Θεοῦ πράττων καὶ παρὰ Θεοῦ ἀξίως τὸν θρόνον καὶ τὴν χάριν δεξάμενος, ὃν καὶ ὁ τρόπος ἀπέδειξεν· (6) ἐξορισθεὶς γὰρ ἔν τινι τόπῳ ἀπὸ φανερῶν μονῶν εὐξάμενος ἐτελειώθη. (7) Μετὰ οὖν πλείω ἔτη τὸ λείψανον αὐτοῦ ὡς τῶν μεγάλων καὶ ἁγίων μαρτύρων ὁ εὐσεβέστατος βασιλεὺς Θεοδόσιος ἀνεκαλέσατο μετὰ πόλλης δόξης.

‘Similarly, the great John, who was then bishop, showed great care and affection for the servants of God. He was a true bishop by his works, the beacon of the Church, the precious stone on the crown of the faith; he did nothing unworthy of God and from God was he deservedly granted both his throne and grace, and the manner of his life proved him. For he was exiled to some place and ended his life in this visible world, after praying. Several years later, however, the most pious emperor Theodosius brought back his remains in great glory, as is done for the great and holy martyrs.’

Text: Bartelink 1971. Translation: E. Rizos.

History

Evidence ID

E05568

Saint Name

John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407 : S00779

Saint Name in Source

Ἰωάννης

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

447

Evidence not after

450

Activity not before

447

Activity not after

450

Place of Evidence - Region

Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chalcedon

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chalcedon Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Monarchs and their family

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - entire body Transfer, translation and deposition of relics Transfer/presence of relics from distant countries

Source

The Life of Hypatios is the biography of one of the earliest monastic leaders of broader Constantinople, and foundation account of a major monastic centre, that of Rufinianae near Chalcedon (today’s Caddebostan, in Anatolian Istanbul). Our text places its hero in the third place among the founding fathers of Constantinopolitan monasticism, after Isaakios and Dalmatios. The text starts with a preface by an author who addresses a certain Eutychos, and states that he is the editor of a text originally written by a disciple of Hypatios, called Kallinikos. The text is thought to have been written shortly after the death of Hypatios (446), probably between 447 and 450: it mentions the Hunnic invasion of 447, but does not refer to the doctrinal disputes concerning the natures of Christ in 448-451. Kallinikos was reportedly a Syriac speaker, whose spelling mistakes in Greek the editor reports having corrected, without altering the style of his language. The text is preserved in four manuscripts, on which see Bartelink 1971, 41-55.

Discussion

For the context of the passage, see E05567. On the transfer of the relics of John Chrysostom, see E04017 and E04187.

Bibliography

Text: Bartelink, G., Callinicos, Vie d'Hypatios (Sources Chretiennes 177; Paris: Cerf, 1971), with French translation and commentary. Other translations: Festugière, A.-J., Les moines d'Orient, vol. 2, Les moines de la région de Constantinople (Paris, 1961), 11–86. Capizzi, C., Vita di Ipazio (Roma, 1982).

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