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E05487: Anatolius, Bishop of Constantinople, writing in Constantinople in 451, presents *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) as protecting the Council of Chalcedon (north-west Asia Minor, near Constantinople); account in a letter to Pope Leo the Great, preserved in Latin in Leo's letter collection.

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posted on 21.05.2018, 00:00 by frances
Letter from Anatolius, Bishop of Constantinople to Pope Leo (= Leo, Letter 101.3; JH 1006)

Summary:

The bishops relate how the council was held under the protection of the martyr Euphemia. They continue, and state that they have signed a document, which declares the faith of the same holy and triumphant martyr.

Summary: Frances Trzeciak.

History

Evidence ID

E05487

Saint Name

Euphemia, martyr of Chalcedon : S00017

Saint Name in Source

Euphemia

Type of Evidence

Literary - Letters

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

451

Evidence not after

451

Activity not before

451

Activity not after

451

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chalcedon Rome

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chalcedon Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Leo the Great (pope)

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Activities Accompanying Cult

  • Meetings and gatherings of the clergy

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

A letter from Anatolius, Bishop of Constantinople, addressed to Leo the Great in 451 This letter was transmitted as part of Leo the Great's letter collection.

Discussion

Although Leo was not present at the Council of Chalcedon, he played a prominent role from afar: he petitioned to have the council held, he wrote to it and sent his representatives. This council was called in response to the second council of Ephesus, which was convened in 449. At Ephesus, the delegates absolved Eutyches – an advocate of the docetist theory that the body of Christ was not made of human flesh – from heresy and deposed Flavian, the bishop of Constantinople. These decisions were overturned at Chalcedon two years later. Leo was a strong opponent of Eutyches and supporter of Flavian (see e.g. E05480). The Council of Chalcedon was convened in the church dedicated to the martyr Euphemia. See also E05462.

Bibliography

Text: Leo the Great, Epistolae, Patrologia Latina 54. Translation: Lett Feltoe, C., Leo the Great. Gregory the Great (Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers 12; New York, 1895). Further Reading: Price, R., and Whitby, M. (eds.), Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400-700 (Liverpool, 2009). Wessel, S., Leo the Great and the Spiritual Rebuilding of Rome (Leiden, 2008).

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