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E05413: Venantius Fortunatus, in his Miracles of Hilary , recounts how Probianus, a boy at the point of death, was cured in the church of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) in Poitiers. Written in Latin in Poitiers (western Gaul), 567/568.

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posted on 13.05.2018, 00:00 by kwojtalik
Venantius Fortunatus, Miracles of Hilary (Libri de virtutibus sancti Hilarii) 3 (6-10)

Summary:

Probianus, a boy at the point of death, was brought by his parents (Franco and Periculosa), who had already prepared his funeral, to the church of Hilary in Poitiers. The boy was cured and later became a bishop.

Text: Krusch 1885, 8. Summary: Katarzyna Wojtalik.

History

Evidence ID

E05413

Saint Name

Hilarius/Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367 : S00183

Saint Name in Source

Hilarius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Collections of miracles

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

567

Evidence not after

568

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

567

Place of Evidence - Region

Gaul and Frankish kingdoms

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Poitiers

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Poitiers Tours Tours Toronica urbs Prisciniacensim vicus Pressigny Turonorum civitas Ceratensis vicus Céré

Major author/Major anonymous work

Venantius Fortunatus

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Visiting graves and shrines

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Healing diseases and disabilities

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Children Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Venantius Fortunatus was born in northern Italy, near Treviso, and educated in Ravenna. In the early 560s he crossed the Alps into Merovingian Gaul, where he spent the rest of his life, making his living primarily through writing Latin poetry for the aristocracy of northern Gaul, both secular and ecclesiastical. His first datable commission in Gaul is a poem to celebrate the wedding in 566 of the Austrasian royal couple, Sigibert and Brunhild. His principal patrons were Radegund and Agnes, the royal founder and the first abbess of the monastery of the Holy Cross at Poitiers, Gregory, the historian and bishop of Tours, Leontius, bishop of Bordeaux, and Felix, bishop of Nantes, but he also wrote poems for several kings and for many other members of the aristocracy. In addition to occasional poems for his patrons, Fortunatus wrote a four-book epic poem about Martin of Tours, and several works of prose and verse hagiography. The latter part of his life was spent in Poitiers, and, probably in the 590s, he became bishop of the city; he is presumed to have died early in the 7th century. Fortunatus' Miracles of Hilary (Liber de virtutibus sancti Hilarii) consists of thirteen very short chapters describing only nine miracles. The work is a complement to his Life of Hilary (see E06713). Both the Miracles and the Life are dedicated to Pascentius, bishop of Poitiers, which enables us to date their composition with some precision to 567/568, since Fortunatus almost certainly arrived in Poitiers in 567, while Pascentius died, and was succeeded as bishop by Meroveus, in 568. Gregory of Tours used the Life and Miracles, in Glory of the Confessors 2 (see E02452) and Histories 2.37 (see E02032).

Discussion

The boy Probianus, later a bishop, whose miraculous salvation is here recounted by Venantius, was perhaps the priest who represented the bishop of Bourges (central Gaul) at the Council of Orléans in AD 541, and who as bishop of Bourges attended the Council of Paris in 552 and another Council of Paris between 556 and 573. Gregory of Tours in his Glory of the Confessors 79 (see E02711) also tells of this Probianus (Van Dam 1993, 157, n. 3).

Bibliography

Edition: Krusch, B., Venanti Honori Clementiani Fortunati presbyteri Italici Opera pedestria (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores Antiquissimi 4.2; Berolini: Apud Weidmannos, 1885). Translation: Van Dam, R., Saints and Their Miracles in Late Antique Gaul (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).

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