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E05395: Coptic Martyrdom of Apa *Sarapion (S02038): a wealthy young man from Panephosi (Lower Egypt) is tried at different locations, among them Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt), repeatedly tortured, but healed and protected by *Michael, the Archangel (S00181); he effects numerous miracles, resulting in mass confessions of faith and 4,262 martyrdoms along the way; prior to his death, the saint is promised two shrines with healing cult, one at his hometown, one at the site of his martyrdom and burial, complete with consecration date (5 September) and feast day (22 January) celebrations; written most likely sometime during the 7th century.

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posted on 02.05.2018, 00:00 by gschenke
The text is introduced as follows:

Codex Vatic. Copt. 67, fol. 90, ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 63, lines 1–4:

Ϯⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲫⲏⲉⲑⲟⲩⲁⲃ ⲙⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲛϭⲥ ⲓⲏⲥ ⲡⲭⲥ ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲡⲓⲣⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛⲉⲫⲱⲥⲓ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲑⲟϣ ⲛⲓⲙⲉϣϣⲱⲧ
ⲉⲧⲁϥϫⲟⲕⲥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ ⲕⲍ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲃⲟⲧ ⲧⲱⲃⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩϩⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲫϯ ⲁⲙⲏⲛ

‘The martyrdom of the holy martyr of our Lord Jesus Christ, saint Apa Sarapion, the inhabitant of Panephosi in the district of Nimeshshot. He completed it on day 27 of the month Tybi (22 January). In God’s peace. Amen.’

When Arianus, the governor of Antinoopolis travelled north reaching the village of Panephosi in the district of Nimeshshot, he ordered the inhabitants of the area to sacrifice to the imperial gods. One of the wealthiest and most influential, a beautiful young man named Sarapion (ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ) refused to do so. He donated all his property to the poor and embraced the prospect of becoming a martyr for Christ. Accompanied by his friends Isidore (ⲓⲥⲓⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ), a man of senatorial rank, and Erme (ⲉⲣⲙⲏ), his former slave, he confronts the governor (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 63–66).

When the governor was told that the local inhabitants were prepared to attack the governor to defend Sarapion, he had him and his two companions bound and thrown into the bottom of the boat. Sarapion prayed to the Lord asking for a strong wind to cause a commotion, which it did. Sarapion was miraculously freed from his shackles and appeared on top of the boat greeting his armed fellow townsfolk and bidding them farewell.

Twelve of them, however, attacked the governor, announcing that they were Christians too and jumping towards the boat to accompany Sarapion. Sarapion fished them out of the water and the governor had all of them bound and thrown back under deck, before sailing off to Nimeshshot Panephre (ⲛⲓⲙⲉϣϣⲱⲧ ⲡⲁⲛⲉⲫⲣⲏ) where they arrived three days later and were thrown into prison (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 67–69).

When Sarapion was brought out to face the governor in the morning and refused to sacrifice, he was severely tortured and burned in a fire. After praying extensively, referring to martyrs, prophets, apostles, and the three Hebrew Youths in the furnace, the Archangel Michael (ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ) appeared and saved him from the flames, bringing him forth completely unharmed (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 69–71).

The governor seeing him unharmed bragged to Sarapion that he had already had 40,000 Christians executed.

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 72, lines 2–5:

ⲡⲉϫⲁϥ ⲛⲁϥ ϫⲉ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲁⲗⲏⲑⲱⲥ ⲁⲓⲕⲏⲛ ⲉϧⲱⲧⲉⲃ ⲛⲇ ⲛⲑⲃⲁ ⲛⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲙⲡⲓⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲉϥϫⲉⲙϫⲟⲙ ⲛⲡⲉⲕⲣⲏϯ
ⲁⲗⲏⲑⲱⲥ ⲛⲑⲟⲕ ⲟⲩⲥⲁϧ ⲙⲙⲁⲅⲟⲥ

‘He said to him: “Sarapion, truly I have already killed 40,000 Christians and I have not seen one capable of your manner. Truly, you are a master of magic.”’

The cycle of tortures, prison, and prayer, generating the Archangel Michael’s appearance and help, continued. Sarapion withstood the tortures and in prison encouraged and possibly converted an archon with 400 of his men, all imprisoned for being unable to pay their taxes.

[Seemingly a substantial portion of the text is missing here, in which there appears to have been a move made back to Antinoopolis to imprison and interrogate Sarapion, where he would become associated with the important city; see ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 84, where Christ appears to Sarapion and announces that he will also receive a crown for his pains suffered at Antinoopolis (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 72–77).]

Witnessing Sarapion overcoming severe tortures and the destruction of the instruments of torture through divine intervention, many bystanders confess their faith and suffer martyrdom, 332 souls.

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 78, lines 3–12:

ⲡⲓⲙⲏϣ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ⲉⲧⲁⲩⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲧⲁⲓⲛⲓϣϯ ⲛϣⲫⲏⲣⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲥϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲁⲩⲱϣ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ ⲛϫⲉ ⲧ ⲛⲣⲱⲙⲓ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲕϯ ⲛⲥϩⲓⲙⲓ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲇ
ⲛⲕⲟⲩϫⲓ ⲛⲁⲗⲟⲩ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲏ ⲛⲙⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲟⲥ ⲉⲩϫⲱ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ϫⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ϩⲁⲛⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲙⲡⲁⲣⲣⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲛⲛⲁϩϯ ⲉⲓⲏⲥ ⲡⲭⲥ ⲫϯ ⲙⲡⲓⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ
ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲙⲓⲱⲛ ⲡⲓϩⲏⲅⲉⲙⲱⲛ ⲇⲉ ⲁϥϣⲑⲟⲣⲧⲉⲣ ⲉϥⲥⲱⲧⲉⲙ ⲉⲛⲁⲓ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲁϥⲉⲣⲕⲉⲗⲉⲩⲓⲛ ⲉⲑⲣⲟⲩⲟⲗⲟⲩ ⲉⲟⲩⲙⲁ ⲛϣⲁϥⲉ ⲁϥⲑⲣⲉ ⲛⲓⲙⲁⲧⲟⲓ
ⲫⲉⲧⲫⲱⲧⲟⲩ ϧⲉⲛ ϩⲁⲛⲕⲉⲗⲉⲃⲓⲛ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲣⲏϯ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϫⲱⲕ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩϩⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ⲁⲙⲏⲛ

‘The whole crowd who saw this great miracle which had taken place cried out with one voice, 300 men, 20 women, 4 children and 8 monks, saying: “We are Christians openly, believing in Jesus Christ, the God of the blessed Sarapion.” The governor then was furious hearing these things and gave orders to have them gathered up at a desert place. He let the soldiers cut them down with axes. This is the manner in which they completed their martyrdom. In God’s peace. Amen.’

Sarapion’s tortures continued when he continued to refuse to give in and sacrifice to the imperial gods. The blood from his wounds caused numerous healing miracles, and even the resurrection of a dead man who was already prepared for burial, resulting in even more confessions of faith and martyrdoms of bystanders, this time counting 640 people who die as martyrs.

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 79, lines 7–26:

ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲁⲡⲉϥⲥⲛⲟϥ ⲱϣϫ ⲉⲛⲓⲱⲛⲓ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲓⲡⲗⲁⲧⲓⲁ ⲛⲧⲉ ϯⲃⲁⲕⲓ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲑϣⲱⲛⲓ ⲉⲑⲛⲁϭⲓ ⲙⲡⲥⲛⲟϥ ⲙⲡⲓⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ
ⲛⲧⲉϥⲗⲁⲗⲱϥ ⲉⲣⲟϥ ϣⲁϥⲟⲩϫⲁⲓ ⲛϯⲟⲩⲛⲟⲩ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲣ ⲡⲉ ϣⲁϥⲥⲱⲧⲉⲙ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲃⲉⲗⲗⲉ ⲡⲉ ϣⲁϥⲛⲁⲩ ⲙⲃⲟⲗ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩϣⲁⲗⲉ ⲡⲉ
ϣⲁϥⲙⲟϣⲓ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲕⲁⲕⲥⲉϩⲧ ⲡⲉ ϣⲁϥⲧⲟⲩⲃⲟ

‘His blood soaked the stones of the town squares. Anyone suffering an illness who was about to take the blessed man’s blood and anoint himself with it would be healed instantly. Be it a deaf man, he would hear. Be it a blind man, he would see. Be it a lame man, he would walk. Be it a leper, he would become pure.’

ⲟⲩⲟϩ ϩⲏⲡⲡⲉ ⲓⲥ ϩⲁⲛⲣⲱⲙⲓ ⲁⲩⲓ ⲉⲩⲧⲱⲟⲩⲛⲟⲩ ⲛⲟⲩⲣⲉϥⲙⲱⲟⲩⲧ ⲉⲩⲱⲗⲓ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲉⲑⲟⲙⲥϥ ⲁⲩⲱⲗⲓ ⲙⲡⲓⲥⲛⲟϥ ⲉⲧⲁϥⲓ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲥⲱⲙⲁ
ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲗⲁⲗⲱϥ ⲉⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲙⲱⲟⲩⲧ ⲥⲁⲧⲟⲧϥ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲛϥ ⲛϫⲉ ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲙⲱⲟⲩⲧ ⲁϥⲟⲩⲱⲛ ⲛⲛⲉϥⲃⲁⲗ ⲡⲓⲙⲏϣ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ⲁϥⲱϣ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϫⲉ
ⲁⲗⲏⲑⲱⲥ ⲟⲩⲑⲙⲏⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲁⲓⲣⲱⲙⲓ ⲉⲑⲃⲉ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲓϫⲟⲙ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲥⲉⲛⲏⲟⲩ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲁⲩⲛⲁϩϯ ⲉⲫϯ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϫⲉ ⲭⲙ ⲛⲯⲩⲭⲏ
ⲉⲩⲱϣ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ ϫⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ϩⲁⲛⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲛⲡⲁⲣⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲛⲛⲁϩϯ ⲉⲫϯ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲁϥⲉⲣⲕⲉⲗⲉⲩⲓⲛ ⲛϫⲉ
ⲡⲓϩⲏⲅⲉⲙⲱⲛ ⲉⲑⲣⲟⲩⲟⲗⲟⲩ ⲥⲁⲃⲟⲗ ⲛϯⲃⲁⲕⲓ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲱⲗⲓ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲁⲫⲉ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲣⲏϯ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϫⲱⲕ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ ⲕ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲃⲟⲧ
ⲧⲱⲃⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩϩⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ⲁⲙⲏⲛ

‘Behold, some people arrived carrying a corpse taking him to bury him. They gathered the blood which had come forth from the saint’s body and anointed the deceased man with it. The dead man rose and opened his eyes. The whole crowd cried out: “Truly, this man is just, because of all the miracles occurring through him!” They believed in God on that day, 640 souls all crying out with one voice: “We are Christians openly, believing in the God of Apa Sarapion!” The governor ordered them to be taken outside the town and beheaded. This is the way in which they completed their martyrdom on day 20 of the month Tybi (15 January). In peace. Amen.’

More tortures follow, among them setting the saint on fire for nine hours. Michael saves him again and the saint steps out of the flames completely unharmed. This causes another mass confession and martyrdom, this time by a group of 1500 people. When the crowd turned violent starting to throw stones and threatening the governor, he had them condemned, taken away and beheaded (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 80–81).

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 81, lines 6–8:

ϧⲉⲛ ϯⲟⲩⲛⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲉⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲁⲩⲱϣ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛϫⲉ ⲓⲉ ⲛϣⲉ ⲛⲯⲩⲭⲏ ⲉⲩϫⲱ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ϫⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ϩⲁⲛⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲛⲡⲁⲣⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲛⲛⲁϩϯ ⲉⲫϯ
ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ

‘At that moment 1500 souls cried out saying: “We are Christians openly. We believe in the God of Apa Sarapion.”’

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 81, lines 13–16:

ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲣⲏϯ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϫⲱⲕ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ ⲕⲃ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲃⲟⲧ ⲧⲱⲃⲓ ⲁⲩⲉⲣⲫⲟⲣⲓⲛ ⲛⲡⲓⲭⲗⲟⲙ ⲛⲁⲧⲧⲁⲕⲟ ϧⲉⲛ ⲑⲙⲉⲧⲟⲩⲣⲟ
ⲛⲛⲓⲫⲏⲟⲩⲓ

‘This is the way in which they completed their martyrdom on day 22 of the months Tybi (17 January). They bore the incorruptible crown in the kingdom of heaven.’

The governor then offered Sarapion a political career in exchange for his sacrifice. Sarapion prayed for a sign from God and the incense turned into three wild lions at the touch of the saint’s hand. The animals licked Sarapion’s feet before attacking the governor and could only be stopped by the saint’s command. This miracle caused another 500 people to confess their Christian faith and complete their martyrdom by being beheaded outside of the city (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 81–83).

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 83, lines 11–14:

ϧⲉⲛ ϯⲟⲩⲛⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲉⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲁⲩⲛⲁϩϯ ⲉⲫϯ ⲛϫⲉ ⲫ ⲛⲣⲱⲙⲓ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲙⲏϣ ⲉⲩⲱϣ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲉⲩϫⲱ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ϫⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ϩⲁⲛⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ
ⲙⲡⲁⲣⲣⲏⲥⲓⲁ

‘At that moment, 500 people from among the crowd believed in God crying out saying: “We are Christians openly!”’

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 83, lines 17–19:

ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲣⲏϯ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϫⲱⲕ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ ⲕⲅ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲃⲟⲧ ⲧⲱⲃⲓ ⲉⲁⲩϭⲓ ⲙⲡⲓⲭⲗⲟⲙ ⲛⲁⲧⲧⲁⲕⲟ ϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ

‘This is the way in which they completed their martyrdom on day 23 of the months Tybi (18 January), receiving the incorruptible crown eternally.’

Sarapion is put back into prison awaiting his sentence and conversing with his two companions, Isidore and Erme, and all the other prisoners. There he is visited by Christ who praises his fortitude and announces that he will receive three crowns: one for the suffering he endured under Arrianus at Antinoopolis, one for leaving his home town and possessions behind to become a stranger, and one for his martyrdom (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 84, lines 13–19). He announces that Sarapion will have a shrine (topos) in Panephre as well because of the prayers he offered there before suffering his martyrdom, in addition to the one at his hometown (Panephosi) (ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 84, lines 22–24). Christ then lays out Sarapion’s future cult.

Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 84, line 28–p. 85, line 7:

ⲣⲱⲙⲓ

History

Evidence ID

E05395

Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel : S01198 Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060 Sarapion, Apa Sarapion, Egyptian martyr from Panephosi in the district of Nimeshshot (Lower Egypt), together wi

Saint Name in Source

ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ 4,262 martyrs ⲉⲣⲙⲏ

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

1000

Activity not before

304

Activity not after

311

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle during lifetime Miracle at martyrdom and death Miracle after death Miracles experienced by the saint Punishing miracle Miraculous power through intermediary Miracles causing conversion Miracle with animals and plants Apparition, vision, dream, revelation Healing diseases and disabilities

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Children Torturers/Executioners Officials The socially marginal (beggars, prostitutes, thieves) Prisoners Crowds Animals Angels

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - blood

Source

The Codex Vatic. Copt. 67, fol. 90–109, is kept at the Vatican Library in Rome and has been attributed to the 8th century.

Discussion

In a fragmentary list of saints' feast days, presumably from Hermopolis, is an entry for the martyr Sarapion on day 17, see §E02212: '(Day) 17: (feast day) of Sarapion, martyr'. The Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum gives the commemoration day for a Sarapion in Egypt as 24 February, see E04698.

Bibliography

Text and Latin translation: Balestri, I., and Hyvernat, H., Acta Martyrum, vol. 1, CSCO 43 (Paris, 1907; repr. Leuven, 1961), 63–88, (text); CSCO 44 (Paris, 1908; repr. Leuven, 1960), 47–60 (translation). English translation: Alcock, A., "The martyrdom of Sarapion,", https://www.academia.edu/34549186/The_martyrdom_of_Sarapion (accessed 09/08/2019).

Continued Description

ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲑⲛⲁⲉⲣⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟⲛⲓⲛ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲉⲕⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ϯⲛⲁⲑⲣⲉ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ ⲉⲣⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟⲛⲓⲛ ⲉⲣⲱⲟⲩ ⲛⲥⲏⲟⲩ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲡⲉⲕⲣⲁⲛ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲧⲉⲕⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲥⲉⲛⲁϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲉⲩⲫⲓⲣⲓ ⲉⲣⲱⲟⲩ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲏⲓ ⲛⲛⲓⲟⲩⲣⲱⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲡⲕⲁϩⲓ ⲉⲑⲃⲉ ⲧⲉⲕⲙⲉⲧϫⲱⲣⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲕⲟⲩⲟⲛϩⲥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲙⲡⲉⲙⲑⲟ ⲛⲁⲣⲓⲁⲛⲉ ⲡⲓϩⲏⲅⲉⲙⲱⲛ ⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲑⲛⲁⲓ ⲉϧⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲉⲕⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ϧⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲙⲉⲧⲁⲧϩⲏⲧ ⲃ ⲫⲏ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲉⲣⲉⲧⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲁⲣⲁⲛ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲫⲣⲁⲛ ⲙⲡⲁⲓⲱⲧ ⲉϥⲉϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛⲱⲟⲩ‘Every person who will serve in your shrine, I will have Michael, the Archangel, serve them every day. Your name and your martyrdom will become celebrated in the house of the rulers of the earth, because of the fortitude you have displayed in the presence of the governor Arrianus. Anyone who will enter your shrine with a certainty, whatever they will ask for, in my name or the name of my father, shall happen for them.’Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 85, line 17– p. 86, line 11:ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲡⲉϫⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲙⲡⲓⲥⲱⲧⲏⲣ ϫⲉ ⲡⲁϭⲥ ϯⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲉⲉⲣⲉⲧⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲟⲕ ⲛⲟⲩⲉⲧⲏⲙⲁ ⲡⲉϫⲉ ⲡⲓⲥⲱⲧⲏⲣ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ϫⲉ ⲫⲏ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲟⲩⲁϣϥ ⲱ ⲡⲁⲙⲉⲛⲣⲓⲧ ⲁⲣⲓ ⲉⲧⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ϥⲛⲁϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛⲁⲕ ϯⲥⲱⲟⲩⲛ ⲅⲁⲣ ⲙⲡⲉⲕⲉⲧⲏⲙⲁ ⲫⲏ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲛⲁⲉⲣⲉⲧⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲛⲧⲟⲧ ⲡⲉϫⲉ ⲡⲓⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲛⲁϥ ϫⲉ ϯⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲡⲁϭⲥ ⲉⲑⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲕϩⲙⲟⲧ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲁⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲡⲓⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲡⲁⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ⲕⲁⲧⲁ ⲫⲣⲏϯ ⲉⲧⲁⲕϫⲟⲥ ⲱ ⲡⲁϭⲥ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛ ⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲓ ⲉϧⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲁⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉϥϣⲱⲛⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ϫⲓⲛϣⲱⲛⲓ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲣⲉ ⲧⲉϥⲡⲣⲟⲥⲫⲟⲣⲁ ⲛⲧⲟⲧϥ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲡⲉϥϧⲏⲃⲥ ⲉⲙ ⲡⲉϥⲥⲑⲟⲓⲛⲟⲩϥⲓ ⲛⲧⲉϥⲭⲁⲩ ⲉϫⲉⲛ ⲡⲁϣⲏⲓ ⲛⲧⲉϥϫⲱⲕⲉⲙ ⲉⲕⲉⲧⲁⲗϭⲟϥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ϣⲱⲛⲓ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩϧⲙⲟⲙ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲁⲣⲟϣ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲉϥϧⲓϯ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲕⲱϣ ⲛⲁⲫⲉ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲉϥϣⲑⲉⲣⲑⲱⲣ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲉϥⲟⲓ ⲛϣⲉ ⲛⲇⲉⲙⲱⲛ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲃⲉⲗⲗⲉ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩϭⲁⲗⲉ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲣ ⲓⲧⲉ ⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲉϥϣⲱⲛⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ϫⲓⲛϣⲱⲛⲓ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲙⲁⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲕⲛⲁⲓ ⲧⲁϩⲱⲟⲩ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲉⲕⲧⲁⲗϭⲱⲟⲩ ⲡⲁϭⲥ ⲓⲏⲥ ⲡⲉϫⲉ ⲡⲓⲥⲱⲧⲏⲣ ⲙⲡⲓⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ϫⲉ ϩⲱⲃ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲧⲁⲕⲉⲣⲉⲧⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲱⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲟⲧ ϯⲛⲁϫⲟⲕⲟⲩ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ϯⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ ⲉϥⲉⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟⲛⲓⲛ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲉⲕⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲡⲉⲕⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲡⲓⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲕⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛⲁⲟⲩⲱⲛϩ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ϯⲛⲁⲑⲣⲉ ϩⲁⲛⲙⲏϣ ⲛⲧⲁⲗϭⲟ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ϯⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲡⲁⲥⲙⲟⲩ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ‘Apa Sarapion said to the Saviour: “My Lord, I want to ask a favour of you.” The Saviour said to Apa Sarapion: “Whatever you wish, my beloved one, ask it and it will happen for you. For I know your request which you are going to ask of me.” The blessed Apa Sarapion said to him: “My Lord, I want your grace to be present at my shrine and at the place where my body will be deposited, according to the manner in which you have said it, my Lord. If someone enters my shrine suffering from any illness, holding his offering in his hand and his lamp and his incense and places them onto my cistern and washes, you shall heal him from every illness, be it a fever, or a cold, be it someone who is tormented, or (with) a headache, be it someone who is confused, or someone demonic, be it a blind one, a lame one, or a deaf one, or anyone suffering any illness, may your mercy reach them and may you heal them, my Lord, Jesus.” The Saviour said to the blessed one: “Everything you have asked of me I will fulfill it. I will establish Michael, the Archangel and he will serve at your shrine, this one, where you body will be placed. At the place where your body will be revealed, I will let numerous healings take place and I will establish my blessing there eternally.”’Arrianus then ordered the soldiers to take Sarapion back to his hometown Panephosi in Nimeshshot to be executed there, but they were mislead by God and executed the saint in a different place. Just before his death, a voice was heard from heaven saying:Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 87, lines 5–16: ⲓⲥ ⲟⲩⲥⲙⲏ ⲁⲥⲓ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϧⲉⲛ ⲧⲫⲉ ⲉⲥϫⲱ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ϫⲉ ⲱ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲡⲁⲙⲉⲛⲣⲓⲧ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲁⲛ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓϯⲙⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲙⲟⲛⲓ ⲉϧⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲣⲟϥ ⲁⲗⲗⲁ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲉⲕϯⲙⲓ ⲡⲓⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲡⲉⲕⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲛⲡⲉⲕⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ϯⲛⲁⲑⲣⲉ ⲡⲁⲥⲙⲟⲩ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲧⲁϩⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ϯⲛⲁⲑⲣⲉ ϩⲁⲛⲙⲏϣ ⲛⲧⲁⲗϭⲟ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲑⲛⲏⲟⲩ ⲉⲡⲉⲕⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ϯⲛⲁⲑⲣⲉ ⲕⲉⲛⲓϣϯ ⲛⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϣⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲅⲓⲁⲥⲙⲟⲥ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛⲁⲕ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲛⲁⲭⲱ ⲙⲡⲉⲕⲥⲱⲙⲁ ⲛϧⲏⲧϥ ⲡⲓⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲉⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲡⲉ ⲥⲟⲩ ⲏ ⲛⲑⲱⲟⲩⲧ ⲭⲱⲣⲓⲥ ⲡⲓⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲛⲁϫⲱⲕ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲧⲉⲕⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲓⲁ ⲉⲧⲉ ⲥⲟⲩ ⲕⲍ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲃⲟⲧ ⲧⲱⲃⲓ ⲡⲉ‘Behold, a voice came out of heaven saying: “Sarapion, my beloved one, this is not the village where you moored, but this is your village, the place where your body will be placed. At the shrine where your body will be placed, I will let my blessing and my peace be establish there. I will let numerous healings take place for anyone who comes to your shrine. I will also let great feast days of consecration take place there for you in the shrine where your body will be placed, that day (of consecration) is day 8 of (the month) Thoth [5 September], separate from the day on which you will complete your martyrdom which is day 27 of the month Tybi [22 January].”’When the executioner heard that voice, he beheaded Sarapion and then took off a garment he was wearing and had the saint’s body wrapped in it, calling out:Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 87, lines 24–25: ⲁⲣⲓ ⲡⲁⲙⲉⲩⲓ ⲱ ⲡⲁⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲑⲟⲩⲁⲃ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲙⲁ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲛⲁϣⲉ ⲛⲁⲕ ⲉⲣⲟϥ‘Remember me, my holy father Apa Sarapion at the place where you will be going.’Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 87, lines 26–29: ⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲇⲉ ⲛⲓⲃⲉⲛ ⲉⲧⲁⲩⲉⲣⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲓⲧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲥⲉⲓⲣⲓ ⲛⲇ ⲛϣⲟ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲥ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲝⲃ ⲛⲯⲩⲭⲏ ⲉⲁⲩϭⲓ ⲛⲡⲓⲭⲗⲟⲙ ⲛⲁⲧⲧⲁⲕⲟ ϧⲉⲛ ⲑⲙⲉⲧⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲛⲡⲉⲛϭⲥ ‘Everyone who became a martyr through saint Apa Sarapion, making 4,262 souls, received the incorruptible crown in the kingdom of Our Lord.’ The text ends with an invocation of the saint:Ed. Balestri–Hyvernat, p. 88, lines 9–10:ⲡⲥⲙⲟⲩ ⲛⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ϣⲱⲡⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲁⲛ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ ⲁⲙⲏⲛ‘May the blessing of saint Apa Sarapion be with us all eternally. Amen.’(Text: I. Balestri and H. Hyvernat; trans. G. Schenke)

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