Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Saints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744
Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060
Saints, unnamed : S00518
Saint Name in Sourcebeati martyres
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before350
Evidence not after450
Activity not before350
Activity not after450
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceTwo conjoining fragments of the left-hand part of a marble plaque. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.23 m; W. 0.27 m; Th. 0.025 m. Letter height 0.04 m.
Found in the ager Veranus, and stored in the Musei Capitolini. A transcription and a squeeze are recorded in de Rossi's archive.
First published by Antonio Ferrua in 1980, from the squeeze. The editors of the Epigraphic Database Bari say that the inscription is now lost.
DiscussionThe inscription invokes the aid of a female saint on behalf of the deceased. Antonio Ferrua tentatively restored her name as Mary, Mother of Christ, but other completions are also possible. This invocation is followed by another one, addressed probably to unnamed martyrs (here the first letter of the word martyres is preserved).
Dating: The editors of the Epigraphic Database Bari date the inscription to the late 4th or early 5th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, nos. EDB29817, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/29817
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 7: Coemeteria via Tiburtinae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1980), no. 18966.