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E05272: Latin epitaph for a boy, possibly destined for service at a church of unnamed martyrs. Found in the cemetery Ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome. Probably second half of the 4th c.

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posted on 27.03.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Prectectus ⳩ cesquet ⳩
in pace ⳩ vixit annis VIIII
(bird) menses VIIII dies III
nutricatus deo Cristo marturibus

'Proiectus ⳩ rests ⳩ in peace. ⳩ He lived 9 years, 9 months, 3 days. Brought up for God, Christ, (and) the martyrs.'

Text: ICVR, n.s., VI, no. 17116 = EDB5535.

History

Evidence ID

E05272

Saint Name

Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Saint Name in Source

martures

Image Caption 1

From: Perret 1851, Tab. X.

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

350

Evidence not after

400

Activity not before

350

Activity not after

400

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Places

Altar

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Consecrating a child, or oneself, to a saint

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Children

Source

Marble plaque. H. 0.295 m; W. 1.045 m; Th. 0.05 m. Letter height 3-4 cm. Decorated with a carving of a dove holding a branch, and christograms. Found in the part of the cemetery which is called 'of Saint Helena'. The plaque was first recorded by Danzetta in 1740, and a transcription features in one of his manuscripts. Later the stone was stored in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere. Gaetano Marini and Giovanni Battista de Rossi report that they saw it in the Vatican Library. Now in the Lateran Museum. The text was first offered in print by Giovanni Gaetano Bottari in 1754. Reedited and/or mentioned by many other scholars, also in unpublished manuscripts, some of them wrongly ascribing the find-spot to the via Appia or the 'crypts of Saint Hermes' (sic!). For a list of editions up to 1975, see the lemma in the reference edition by Antonio Ferrua in the sixth volume of the Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae. A drawing is now offered in the Epigraphic Database Bari. We do not record altered readings in the text, as in this case they are of minor importance for our project.

Discussion

The inscription is the epitaph for a nine-year-old boy, described as nutricatus deo Cristo marturibus. Giovanni Battista de Rossi (1869, 50) points out that this is almost certainly the designation of a child offered for service at a church of martyrs. He also noted that offerings of senators' children for such a service are described in lines 517-529 of the Latin poem on *Laurence, deacon and martyr of Rome, by Prudentius (E05957): Ipsa et senatus lumina / quondam luperci aut flamines / apostolorum et martyrum / exosculantur limina. / Videmus inlustres domos / sexu ex utroque nobiles / offerre votis pignora / clarissimorum liberum. / Vittatus olim pontifex / adscitur in signum crucis / aedemque Laurenti tuam / vestalis intrat Claudia // 'The very ornaments of the senate, men who once served as Luperci or flamines, now eagerly kiss the thresholds of the apostles and martyrs. We see distinguished families, where both sides are highborn, dedicate their dear ones, their noble children. The priest who once wore the head-bands is admitted to receive the sign of the cross and, Laurence, a Vestal Claudia enters your church.' (trans. H. J. Thomson, lightly modified) Dating: Carlo Carletti (in EDB) dates the inscription to the second half of the 4th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB5535. See http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/5535 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 6: Coemeteria viis Latina, Labicana et Praenestina (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1975), no. 17116 (with further bibliography). Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 1 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1925), no. 1617. Marucchi, O., I Monumenti del Museo Cristiano Pio-Lateranense riprodotti in Atlante di XCVI tavole (Milan: Ulrico Hoepli, 1910), Tav. LI no. 14. Perret, L., Catacombes de Rome, vol. 5 (Paris:, 1851), Tab. X no. 15, and vol. 6 (Paris:, 1856), p. 149. Bottari, G.G., Sculture e pitture sagre estratte dai cimiteri di Roma pubblicate già dagli autori della Roma sotterranea ed ora nuouamente date in luce, vol. 3 (Rome: Stamperia Vaticana presso Giovanni Maria Salvioni, 1754), 117, no. 18. Further reading: Northcote, J. S., Epitaphs of the Catacombs, or Christian Inscriptions in Rome during the First Four Centuries (London: Longmans, Green, 1878), 108-109. de Rossi, G.B., "Le medaglie di devozione dei primi sei o sette secoli della chiesa: Continuazione e fine", Bullettino di archeologia cristiana 7 (1869), 50.

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