Saint NameMartyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060
Saints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744
Saints, unnamed : S00518
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before350
Evidence not after700
Activity not before350
Activity not after700
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
SourceFragment of a marble plaque broken and lost on all sides. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.17 m; W. 0.19 m; Th. 0.045 m. Letter height 0.045 m.
Found in 1909 in the Cemetery of Praetextatus. First published by Antonio Ferrua in 1971, in a drawing with no transcription. When examined by Ferrua the stone was in area H3. A transcription was offered by Carlo Carletti in the Epigraphic Database Bari. Carletti uses crosses (+) to mark damaged letters. Here we give our own transcription based on the drawing published by Ferrua.
DiscussionThe fragment certainly comes from an ordinary epitaph. It is very possible that line 1 contained a reference to 'holy spirits'/spirita sancta, of martyrs or simply other deceased, which often occurs in epitaphs in Roman catacombs. Another possibility is that line 1 mentions a female saint, or addressed the deceased for whom the epitaph was composed as 'saint' (that is 'redeemed', not 'saint' as an object of veneration).
Dating: The inscription, as others from the Cemetery of Praetextatus, dates from the late antique period.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB8328, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/8328
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 5: Coemeteria reliqua Viae Appiae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1971), no. 14927l.