Saint NameMichael, the Archangel : S00181
Saint Name in SourceΜιχαήλ
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before500
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAkroinos
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Akroinos
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - MiraclesMiraculous protection - of communities, towns, armies
SourceThe inscription is on a small marble pillar. There is no published description. Line 2 runs around the pillar. Found at Afyonkarahisar near ancient Akroinos and Prymnessos by William Ramsay. When recorded, the pillar was in an Armenian church, said to have been 'an old building,' constructed by the Greeks.
First published by Ramsay with a majuscule copy in 1882. Republished by Ramsay in 1897. In 2006 the inscription was included by Antonio Felle in his collection of epigraphs containing biblical quotations.
DiscussionThe inscription records a very interesting invocation of the Archangel Michael. He is asked to protect an unnamed city (polis) with the words borrowed from the Lord's prayer ('and deliver us from evil!'). Ramsay suggested that the city was nearby Akroinos. For a similar invocation based on the Lord's prayer, see E00743.
Line 1 may contain a triple invocation of God, as suggested by Ramsay, or the Trisagion prayer.
Dating: Sadly, there is no reliable way to date the inscription. We cannot say if it comes from the late antique or middle Byzantine period.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1552, see
Felle, A.E., Biblia epigraphica. La sacra scrittura nella documentazione epigrafica dell'«Orbis christianus antiquus» (III-VIII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2006), no. 495.
Ramsay, W.M., Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, vol. 1, part 2: West and West-Central Phrygia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897), 741-742, no. 678.
Ramsay, W.M., "Prymnessos and Metropolis", Mittheilungen des Deutschen archaeologischen Institutes in Athen 7 (1882), 144.
Cumont, F., "Les inscriptions chrétiennes de l'Asie Mineure", Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire 15 (1895), no. 189.