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E04736: Small fragment of a Latin inscription mentioning 'saints.' Possibly referring to a burial ad sanctos, or an epitaph for local martyrs. Found in the lower part of the Cemetery of Callistus, via Appia, Rome. Probably 5th c.

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posted on 27.01.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
[- - - san]c̅(t)o̅rum [- - -]
[- - -]

'[- - -] of the saints [- - -].'

Text: ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 10356.f = EDB40970.

History

Evidence ID

E04736

Saint Name

Saints, unnamed : S00518 Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060 Saints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744

Saint Name in Source

sancti sancti sancti

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Cult buildings (churches, mausolea)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

500

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

500

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Burial ad sanctos

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Fragment of a marble plaque, broken and lost on all sides. H. 0.115 m; W. 0.23 m; Th. unknown. Letter height 0.05 m. A vertical line, marking an abbreviation, is clearly visible in the drawing, above the first preserved letters CO. First recorded by Giovanni Battista de Rossi near cubiculum Al in the lower part of the Cemetery of Callistus. First published by Antontio Ferrua in 1964 from a squeeze by de Rossi.

Discussion

The inscription probably comes from an epitaph which referred to saints. It may have marked a burial in proximity of the tomb of some saints or martyrs, or this was the epitaph for local martyrs. Dating: Marida Pierno (in EDB) dates the inscriptions to the 5th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB40970, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/40970 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 10356f.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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