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E04735: Two fragments of Latin epitaphs recording burials ad martyres /ad sanctos. Found in the lower part of the Cemetery of Callistus, via Appia, Rome. Probably 5th c.

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posted on 27.01.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Inscription 1:

[--- fecit] sibi ad b[eatum ---]

'[- - - made] for himself/herself (this tomb) next to the blessed (?) [- - -].'

Inscription 2:

[---]me ad mart[yres ---]

'[- - -] next to the martyrs [- - -].'

Text: ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 10352 = EDB40956 and EDB40957.

History

Evidence ID

E04735

Saint Name

Saints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744 Saints, unnamed : S00518 Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Saint Name in Source

martyres

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Cult buildings (churches, mausolea)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

500

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

500

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Burial ad sanctos

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Two fragments of marble plaques, broken and lost on all sides. Fragment A: H. 0.21 m; W. 0.24 m; Th. 0.045 m. Letter height 0.04 m. Fragment B: H. 0.10 m; W. 0.20 m; Th. unknown. Letter height 0.035 m. Fragment B was found by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in area A of the lower part of the cemetery of Callistus. First published by Antonio Ferrua in 1964 from a squeeze by de Rossi. Ferrua could not find the stone, which is probably lost. Fragment A was recorded by Antonio Ferrua in area C3. Both fragments were published together by Ferrua in 1964, but they are unconnected. Included in the collection of Roman inscription referring to the cult of saints by Paola de Santis (2010).

Discussion

The inscriptions record burials close the tomb of a saint and/or martyrs whose names are lost. Dating: Marida Pierno (in EDB) dates the inscriptions to the 5th c.; Paola De Santis (2012) dates Inscription 2 to the same period, and says that Inscription 1 cannot be confidently dated.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB40956, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/40957 Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB40956, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/40957 De Santis, P., Sanctorum monumenta. 'Aree sacre' del suburbio di Roma nella documentazione epigrafica (IV-VII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2010), 213, no. 61, and 214, no. 65. De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 10352A-b.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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