Saint NameSaints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744
Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Evidence not before350
Evidence not after400
Activity not before350
Activity not after400
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBurial ad sanctos
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesWomen
Other lay individuals/ people
SourceLeft-hand fragment of a marble plaque, broken into three conjoining parts. H. 0.34 m; W. 0.34 m; Th. 0.022 m. Letter height 0.033 m. The upper and left-hand margins are preserved. Decorated with a carving of a dove and a palm branch.
First recorded by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in staircase LI at the Cemetery of Callistus. Now in area L, near the crypt of Saint Cornelius. The fragment from the left-hand corner, visible in de Rossi's drawings, was lost when Antonio Ferrua revisited the stone. Republished by Ferrua in 1964. Included in the collection of Roman inscription referring to the cult of saints by Paola de Santis (2010).
DiscussionThe inscription records a burial close the tomb of a saint whose name is lost. For a similar, better preserved epitaph, see E04729 (a woman buried ad domnum Gaium, i.e. *Gaius, pope and martyr of Rome, S00145). In our case, we are unable to identify the saint or martyr mentioned in the epitaph. De Rossi rightly noted that a group of martyrs could also be referred to, as line 3 can be alternatively restored ad dom[inos - - -]/'next to lords/masters'. It is also not clear whether the expression ad dominum/ad dominos was understood by the author of the epitaph as a reference to a burial ad sanctos, or was a topographical description of the location of the tomb.
Dating: Antonio Felle dates the inscription to the second half of the 4th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB20228, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/20228
De Santis, P., Sanctorum monumenta. 'Aree sacre' del suburbio di Roma nella documentazione epigrafica (IV-VII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2010), 213, no. 63.
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9698.
Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 1 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1925), comments to no. 2132.
de Rossi, G.B., La Roma sotterranea cristiana, vol. 3 (Rome: Cromo-litografia pontificia, 1877), 224, and Tav. XXXI.
de Rossi, G.B., "Roma: Scavi nel cimitero di Callisto", Bullettino di archeologia cristiana (1875), 136.
?Giornale degli scavi I, p. 149, n. 6.