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E04731: Fragmentary Latin epitaph for a woman buried probably close to a saint whose name is lost. Found in the lower part of the Cemetery of Callistus, via Appia, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c.

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posted on 26.01.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
e Proci[- - -]
vixit an[n(os) - - -]
d(ies) III quae [deposita est]
in pace [- - - ad (?)]
sanct[- - -]

'[- - -] lived [- - -] years, [- - -], three days, and [was buried] in peace [- - - next to (?)] saint (?) [- - -] '

Text: ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 10110 = EDB75.

History

Evidence ID

E04731

Saint Name

Saints, name lost or very partially preserved : S01744 Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

390

Evidence not after

425

Activity not before

390

Activity not after

425

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Burial ad sanctos

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women

Source

Fragment of a marble plaque, broken and lost on top and the right-hand side. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.40 m; W. 0.27 m; Th. 0.045 m. Letter height 0.04 m. First recorded by Antonio Ferrua in area C6 of the Cemetry of Callistus. Published by Ferrua in 1964.

Discussion

Ferrua suggesed that the epitaph recorded a burial of a woman close to the tomb of a martyr whose name was mentioned in the last line. Dating: Antonio Felle (in EDB) dates the inscription to the very late 4th or early 5th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB75, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/75 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 10110.

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