Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before350
Evidence not after400
Activity not before350
Activity not after400
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsCeremonies at burial of a saint
SourceMarble plaque. H. 0.30 m; W. 1.00 m; Th. 2.3 m. Letter height 0.05 m. The other face of the plaque bears the epitaph of an ordinary woman, Septimina, published in ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 10178.
First recorded by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in area E3 of the lower part of the cemetery of Callistus, and published by him in a drawing in 1877. A transcription based on the drawing was offered by Ernst Diehl in the Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres. Revisited by Antonio Ferrua, and republished by him in 1964.
DiscussionThe inscription records the burial (depositio) of a certain Gaudentius. The presence of another inscription on the back face of the plaque suggested that it was taken from another tomb, and reused.
The name of the deceased is followed by the epithet sanctus/'saint.' It is not clear who this presumed saint Gaudentius was, or if the epithet really describes his peculiar status as a saint or martyr. It is possible that the word was a part of a funerary formula.
Dating: Antonio Felle (EDB) dates the inscription to the second half of the 4th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB19180, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/19180
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9886.
Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 2 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1927), commentary to no. 3004.
de Rossi, G.B., La Roma sotterranea cristiana, vol. 3 (Rome: Cromo-litografia pontificia, 1877), Tav. XXI.