File(s) not publicly available

E04727: Latin inscription recording the purchase of a tomb (locus?) sited ‘ad martyres.’ Found in one of the crypts at the Cemetery of Callistus, via Appia, Rome. Probably second half of the 4th c.

online resource
posted on 26.01.2018, 00:00 by pnowakowski
ego Eu[- - - locum (?) e]mi ad mart[yres]
cum [- - -]

perhaps cum [uxore mea ab illo] Ferrua

'I, Eu[- - -] bought [this tomb (locus ?)] next to the martyrs, together with [- - -].'

Text: ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 9786.

History

Evidence ID

E04727

Saint Name

Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Saint Name in Source

martyres

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

350

Evidence not after

400

Activity not before

350

Activity not after

400

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Other

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Burial ad sanctos

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Two non-conjoining fragments of a marble plaque. Preserved dimensions: left-hand fragment H. 0.15 m; W. 0.30 m; Th. 0.045 m; right-hand fragment H. 0.10 m; W. 0.22 m. Letter height 0.022 m. First recorded and assembled only by Antonio Ferrua, in cubiculum Ee in the lower part of the Cemetery of Callistus. First published by Ferrua in 1964.

Discussion

The inscription records the purchase of a tomb probably by a man and his wife. The expression 'ad martyres' refers apparently to the tomb, which suggests that its owner considered it to have been sited ‘next to the martyrs', in the cemetery famous for tombs of martyrs and popes. This may be a mere mention of the popular name of the cemetery, but may also be an allusion to a burial ad sanctos, a statement that the married couple wanted to be buried ‘ad martyres'. Dating: Antonio Felle (in EDB) dates the inscription to the second half of the 4th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB21195, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/21195 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9786.

Usage metrics

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports