Saint NameSaints, unnamed : S00518
Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060
Saint Name in Sourcesancti
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before300
Evidence not after400
Activity not before300
Activity not after400
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceThe inscription is on a large marble plaque, broken into three conjoining parts. H. 0.28 m; W. 1.54 m; Th. 0.03 m. Letter height 0.035-0.04 m.
First recorded by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in area B10 of the lower part of the cemetery of Callistus, and published by him in 1867. Revisited by Antonio Ferrua, and republished by him in 1964. Now probably in area B8.
DiscussionDe Rossi suggested that the words spiritum tuum are in the accusative case, according to the rules of standardised Latin grammar, and, therefore, that the text should be completed by an understood clause, for example: spiritum tuum inter sanctos /' your spirit among the saints'. Ferrua argues, however, that we have here a corrupted form of the noun spiritus which takes the nominative case spiritum (neuter), and that the inscription needs no completions. It reads simply 'your spirit is among saints.' If so, the inscription may record a burial ad sanctos, in the cemetery famous for tombs of martyrs and popes, rather than referring to the heavenly company of saints desired by the soul of Agatemeris.
Dating: Antonio Felle (in EDB) dates the inscription to the 4th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB21028, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/21028
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9613.
Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 2 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1927), no. 3356.
Marucchi, O., Epigrafia cristiana. Trattato elementare con una silloge di antiche iscrizioni cristiane principalmente di Roma (Milan: U. Hoepli, 1910), 155, no. 122.
de Rossi, G.B., La Roma sotterranea cristiana, vol. 2 (Rome: Cromo-litografia pontificia, 1867), 104*, 257, and Tav. XLV.