Saint NameMartyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060
Saints, unnamed : S00518
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Graffiti
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before390
Evidence not after425
Activity not before390
Activity not after425
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceGraffito in cursive script. Letter height 9 cm. Scratched in the plaster, on a wall in Area A4 in the lower part of the cemetery of Callistus.
First published by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in 1867. Revisited, and published again by Antonio Ferrua in 1964.
DiscussionThe inscription certainly invokes popes and martyrs, buried in the cemetery of Callistus. Other similar invocations usually address just the 'holy spirits.' Here they are additionally described as 'martyrs.'
Dating: Antonio Felle (in EDB) dates the graffito to the late 4th-early 5th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB17809, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/17809
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9533.
Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 1 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1925), comments to no. 2347.
de Rossi, G.B., La Roma sotterranea cristiana, vol. 2 (Rome: Cromo-litografia pontificia, 1867), 385, and Tav. XXXI.