Chrysippus, presbyter of Jerusalem, Encomium on Michael the Archangel (CPG 6707, BHG 1290b)
The author composes an encomium in praise of Michael, referring to several Old Testament passages about him.
Saint NameMichael, the Archangel : S00181
Saint Name in SourceΜιχαὴλ
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts
Literary - Sermons/Homilies
Evidence not before455
Evidence not after479
Activity not before455
Activity not after479
Place of Evidence - RegionPalestine with Sinai
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcJerusalem
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Jerusalem
Major author/Major anonymous workChrysippus of Jerusalem
Cult activities - Liturgical Activity
Cult activities - Festivals
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsComposing and translating saint-related texts
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - lesser clergy
SourceChrysippus (c. 405-479) was born in Cappadocia and grew up in Syria. Together with his brothers, Kosmas and Gabrielios, he came to Palestine and joined the ascetic community (laura) of *Euthymios. At the instigation of the empress Aelia Eudocia, then living in Jerusalem, the three brothers were ordained priests in 456. Chrysippus and Kosmas joined the clergy of the Anastasis, whereas Gabrielios was appointed abbot of the shrine of Stephen the First Martyr. In 467, Chrysippus became staurophylax (Keeper of the True Cross), succeeding in this office his elder brother, Kosmas, who was ordained bishop of Scythopolis. Chrysippus died in 479. Our source about his life, Cyril of Scythopolis' Life of Euthymios, reports that Chrysippus excelled as an author. From his work, only four homilies are known.
The text is known from one manuscript, on which see:
DiscussionThe text provides no evidence about the date, venue and occasion of the homily. It was very probably delivered during a festival in Jerusalem.
Sigalas, A. "Χρυσίππου πρεσβυτέρου ἐγκώμιον εἰς τὸν Ἀρχάγγελον Μιχαήλ," Ἐπετηρὶς Ἑταιρείας Βυζαντινῶν Σπουδῶν 3 (1926), 88-93.
Arnold, J.C., The Footprints of Michael the Archangel: The Formation and Diffusion of a Saintly Cult, c. 300‒c. 800 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
Di Berardino, A., Patrology: The Eastern Fathers from the Council of Chalcedon (451) to John of Damascus (+750). English translation A. Walford (Cambridge: James Clarke & Co., 2006), 251-252.
Sigalas, A. Des Chrysippos von Jerusalem Enkomion auf den hl. Johannes den Täufer. Untersuchungen und Ergänzungen zu den Schriften des Chrysippos (Texte und Forschungen zur Byzantinisch-Neugriechischen Philologie 20; Athens: Verlag der "Byzantinisch-neugriechischen Jahrbücher", 1937).