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E04679: The presbyter Chrysippus of Jerusalem composes an Encomium on *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), which he delivers during a festival in his honour. Written in Greek, probably in Jerusalem, 455/479.

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posted on 25.01.2018, 00:00 by erizos
Chrysippus, presbyter of Jerusalem, Encomium on Michael the Archangel (CPG 6707, BHG 1290b)

The author composes an encomium in praise of Michael, referring to several Old Testament passages about him.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E04679

Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source

Μιχαὴλ

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

455

Evidence not after

479

Activity not before

455

Activity not after

479

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jerusalem

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jerusalem Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Major author/Major anonymous work

Chrysippus of Jerusalem

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Composing and translating saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Chrysippus (c. 405-479) was born in Cappadocia and grew up in Syria. Together with his brothers, Kosmas and Gabrielios, he came to Palestine and joined the ascetic community (laura) of *Euthymios. At the instigation of the empress Aelia Eudocia, then living in Jerusalem, the three brothers were ordained priests in 456. Chrysippus and Kosmas joined the clergy of the Anastasis, whereas Gabrielios was appointed abbot of the shrine of Stephen the First Martyr. In 467, Chrysippus became staurophylax (Keeper of the True Cross), succeeding in this office his elder brother, Kosmas, who was ordained bishop of Scythopolis. Chrysippus died in 479. Our source about his life, Cyril of Scythopolis' Life of Euthymios, reports that Chrysippus excelled as an author. From his work, only four homilies are known. The text is known from one manuscript, on which see: http://pinakes.irht.cnrs.fr/notices/oeuvre/4782/

Discussion

The text provides no evidence about the date, venue and occasion of the homily. It was very probably delivered during a festival in Jerusalem.

Bibliography

Text: Sigalas, A. "Χρυσίππου πρεσβυτέρου ἐγκώμιον εἰς τὸν Ἀρχάγγελον Μιχαήλ," Ἐπετηρὶς Ἑταιρείας Βυζαντινῶν Σπουδῶν 3 (1926), 88-93. Further reading: Arnold, J.C., The Footprints of Michael the Archangel: The Formation and Diffusion of a Saintly Cult, c. 300‒c. 800 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). On Chrysippus: Di Berardino, A., Patrology: The Eastern Fathers from the Council of Chalcedon (451) to John of Damascus (+750). English translation A. Walford (Cambridge: James Clarke & Co., 2006), 251-252. Sigalas, A. Des Chrysippos von Jerusalem Enkomion auf den hl. Johannes den Täufer. Untersuchungen und Ergänzungen zu den Schriften des Chrysippos (Texte und Forschungen zur Byzantinisch-Neugriechischen Philologie 20; Athens: Verlag der "Byzantinisch-neugriechischen Jahrbücher", 1937).

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports