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E04614: Fragmentary Greek inscription, perhaps recording a saint whose name is lost. Found at Belaḳsah near Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably 5th or 6th c.

online resource
posted on 15.01.2018, 00:00 by CSLA Admin
ἅγιος ΑΕ[- - -]

'Saint AE[- - -].'

Text: Moussli & Ebert 1990, 101, no. 15.


Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Ḥimṣ/Emesa Belaḳsah

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Ḥimṣ/Emesa Thabbora Thabbora Belaḳsah Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


Basalt lintel. Broken and lost at the right-hand end. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.22 m; W. 0.80 m. Decorated with a carving of a cross within a circle. The inscription is to the left and to the right of the cross. Letter height 0.07-0.09 m. When recorded, the stone was reused in a house in the village of Belaḳsah sited c. 43 km to the northwest of Ḥimṣ/Emesa. First published by Majed Moussli and Joachim Ebert in 1990.


The editors suggest that the inscription records the beginning of the name of a saint: AE[- - -] (if so, also a building dedicated to the saint). This is possible, although it is not easy to find a matching Greek name (e.g. Αἐλιανός, a corrupted form of Αἰλιανός?). As we have no photograph, just a drawing, we cannot verify the reading. However, if the final Ε was confused with Γ, the inscription may also record the beginning of a prayer, for example: ἅγιος, ἅγ[ιος, ἅγιος ὁ θεός]/'Holy, holy, holy God!'


Edition: Moussli, M., Ebert, J., "Weitere Inschriften aus Emesa und seinen Nachbargebieten", Philologus. Zeitschrift für klassische Philologie 134 (1990), 101, no. 15. Reference works: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 40, 1409.

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