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E04326: Coptic fiscal document from Aphrodito (Upper Egypt) mentioning three districts of the city named after saints, the district of *Enoch (probably the Old Testament patriarch, S00762), the district of *Viktor (probably the Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749), and the district of *Philotheos (possibly the young martyr of Antioch, S00878); datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 06.11.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
P.Lond 4 1572

These districts are repeated many times in this document, followed by people making payments:

μερ(ί)τ(ος) ἁγίου Ενωχ

‘Of the district of saint Enoch:’


μερ(ί)τ(ος) ἁγίου Βίκτωρ

‘Of the district of saint Viktor:’


μερ(ί)τ(ος) ἁγίου Φιλοθ(έου)

‘Of the district of saint Philotheos:’


Text: W. E. Crum. Translation: G. Schenke.

History

Evidence ID

E04326

Saint Name

Enoch, the seventh Patriarch of the Book of Genesis : S00762 Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr : S00749 Philotheos of Antioch, young boy aged 10, discrediting pagan cult of parents in public, ob. c. 304 : S00878

Saint Name in Source

Ενωχ Βίκτωρ Φιλόθ(εος)

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Fiscal document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Aphrodito

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Aphrodito Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Towns, villages, districts and fortresses

Source

The papyrus document Or. 6216 is kept at the British Library in London.

Discussion

For other documents testifying to districts, or institutions, of Aphrodito named after saints Viktor, Philotheos or Enoch: E04310, E04314 and E04324. Enoch could be the Old Testament patriarch; but, outside the Holy Land, Old Testament figures were rarely the subject of church dedications in our period; so he may have been a local martyr or holy man.

Bibliography

Text: Bell, H.I., and Crum, W.E., Greek Papyri in the British Museum. London IV: The Aphrodito Papyri (London, 1910), 488–490.

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