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E04310: Greek list of payments from Aphrodito (Upper Egypt), mentioning receipts written on ostraka concerning districts or institutions named after *Viktor (probably the son of Romanos, S00749), *Philotheos (possibly the young martyr of Antioch, S00878) and *Enoch (probably the Old Testament patriarch, S00762), as well as a hamlet dedicated to Pinoution (saint with cult at Aphrodito, S01613); datable to the 8th century.

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posted on 06.11.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
P.Lond 4 1459

Lines 7, 9 and 11 mention receipts written on ostraka concerning a district named after an institution dedicated to Viktor:

ὄστρα(κον) Ἁγί\ου/ Βίκ(τωρος) [ -ca.?- ]

'Ostracon of (the district of) saint Viktor'

Line 26 mentions a receipt written on ostraka concerning institutions dedicated to Philotheos, to Enoch and to Viktor:

[ὄ]στρ(ακον) Ἁγί\ου/ Φιλο[θ(έου)] νο(μίσματα) ζ ὄστρ(ακον) Ἁγί\ου/ Ἐν̣ὼ̣χ [νο(μίσματα)] ζ̣ ὄστρ(ακον)Ἁγί\[ου]/ Βίκ(τωρος) νο(μίσματα) ζ̣ [ -ca.?- ]


Line 52 mentions a hamlet of Pinoution:

ἐποικ(ίου) Ἁγί\ου/ Πιν[ουτ(ίωνος) -ca.?- ]

'of the hamlet of saint Pinoution'


For a complete record of the document see:

http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.lond;4;1459

History

Evidence ID

E04310

Saint Name

Pinoution saint with cult in Aphrodito, possibly the bishop of Antinoopolis associated with Kollouthos, physician and martyr : S01613 Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr : S00749 Enoch, the seventh Patriarch of the Book of Genesis : S00762 Phi

Saint Name in Source

Πινουτίων Βίκτωρ Ἐνώχ Φιλόθεος

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Aphrodito

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Aphrodito Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Towns, villages, districts and fortresses

Source

London, British Library Pap 1418.

Discussion

These ostraka 'of' saints Viktor, Philotheos and Enoch seem to record payments, either from the three districts of Aphrodito that are known from other documents to have been named after these saints (see E04326, E04314, E04318, and E04324), or from the institutions (presumably churches or monasteries) after which the districts were named. Enoch could be the Old Testament patriarch; but, outside the Holy Land, Old Testament figures were rarely the subject of church dedications in our period; so he may have been a local martyr or holy man.

Bibliography

Text: Bell, H.I., and Crum, W.E., Greek Papyri in the British Museum. London IV: The Aphrodito Papyri (London, 1910).

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