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E04266: Coptic inventory of an institution dedicated to *Theodore (possibly the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), located at the Caesareum in Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), drawn up by a deacon presumably of that same institution; datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 30.10.2017, 00:00 by Bryan
P.Ryl.Copt. 238

This complete document provides a full inventory of a local institution dedicated to saint Theodore. The content listed does not automatically point to a church, save for the altar hangings in line 10. But it could very well refer to a hospital dedicated to the saint, which would presumably also feature a small shrine. It is less likely that this is an inventory of a monastery, even if a very small one, located by the Caesareum of a major city.


+ ϩⲙ ⲡⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲙⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲙⲃⲉⲛⲧⲟⲛ ⲙⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟ(ⲥ) ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ
ⲙⲡⲕⲁⲓⲥⲁⲣⲓⲛ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧϥ ⲙⲡⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲓ[ⲅⲛⲁⲧ]ⲉ ⲙⲡ[ⲟⲟⲩ] ⲥⲟⲩ
ⲙⲛⲧⲁⲥⲉ ⲡⲉ ⲙⲡⲁⲣⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲃⲟⲧ ⲛⲧⲉⲓⲣⲟ[ⲙⲡⲉ .. ⲓⲛ]ⲇ(ⲓⲕⲧⲓⲱⲛⲟⲥ)

ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛ[. . . . . ⲙⲙⲁⲅ]ⲛⲏⲥⲓⲛ [α]
ⲡⲟⲧⲏⲣⲓⲛ ⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲛϩⲁⲧ [β]
ϣⲟⲙⲧⲉ ⲛⲕⲟⲭⲗⲓⲁⲣⲓⲛ ⲛϩⲁⲧ [γ]
[ⲟ]ⲩⲉⲝⲁⲥⲕⲉⲗⲟⲛ ⲛⲧⲁϩⲧ [α]
[. . .]ϣ[. . .] ⲙⲙⲁⲡⲡⲁ [..]
ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ [ⲛⲛⲟ]ϭ ⲛⲕⲁⲧⲁⲡⲉⲧⲁⲥⲙ η
ⲥⲟⲉⲓ ⲛⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲕⲁⲧⲁⲡⲉⲧⲁⲥⲙⲁ ⲛⲑⲩⲥⲓⲁⲥⲧⲏ(ⲣⲓⲟⲛ) [ϛ]
ϫⲟⲩⲧⲥⲁϣϥⲉ̣ ⲛⲟⲩⲏⲗⲟⲛ ⲛⲣⲟ κζ
ⲥⲟ ⲛⲥⲓⲛⲇⲱⲛⲓⲛ ⲙⲡⲗⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲓⲕ(ⲟⲥ) ϛ
ⲟⲩⲥⲓⲛⲇⲱⲛⲓⲛ ⲛⲁⲡⲧⲓⲥⲕⲓⲛ α
ⲧⲓⲟⲩ ⲛⲥⲧⲣⲱⲙⲁ ⲛⲕⲟⲣⲇⲓⲛⲁ ε
ⲟⲩⲉⲙⲡⲣ[ⲟⲙ]ⲁⲗⲓⲛ ⲙⲡⲉⲣⲥⲓⲁⲧⲓⲕⲟ(ⲛ) α
ⲟⲩⲥⲁⲕⲓⲛ ⲙⲯⲓⲙⲓⲑⲓⲟⲛ ⲙⲡⲟⲕϥ α
ⲥⲧⲁⲧⲁⲣⲉⲁ ⲥⲛ[ⲧⲉ] β
ⲃⲧⲟ ⲙⲫⲓⲛ̣ . ⲁ̣ ⲙⲙⲁⲅⲛⲏⲥⲓⲛ ⲙⲛ ⲟⲩϩⲣⲉⲕⲉ
ⲛⲧⲁⲣⲉⲓ ε
ⲃⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲥⲕⲉⲡⲁⲥⲙⲁ ⲛϩⲃⲟⲥ δ
ⲟⲩⲥⲕⲉⲡⲁⲥⲙⲁ ⲙⲙⲉⲧⲁⲝ̣ⲉ̣ α
ⲟⲩⲥⲕⲉⲡⲁⲥⲙⲁ ⲛϩⲓⲥ[ⲁⲩ]ⲣⲓⲕⲟ(ⲥ) α ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲥⲕⲉⲡ ⲛⲁ[ϥ] ⲛⲛⲉⲃⲓⲱ ⲛⲁⲓⲅ α
ⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲥⲕⲉⲡ ⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲛⲗⲉⲩⲕⲟ(ⲥ) β ⲟⲩⲫⲁϭⲁⲣⲓⲛ ⲛϣⲛⲥ α
[ⲥ]ⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲗⲉⲕⲁⲛⲏ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ β ⲟⲩⲗⲉⲕⲁⲛⲏ ⲟⲛ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ ⲛⲁⲧⲙⲁⲁϫⲉ α
ⲟⲩⲡⲟⲧⲏⲣⲟⲡⲗⲓⲧⲏⲥ ⲙⲛ ⲧⲉϥⲃⲁⲥⲓⲥ α ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲗⲉⲕⲁⲛⲏ ⲟⲛ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ α
ⲥⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲥⲕⲁⲫⲛ ⲛϩⲟⲙⲛⲧ β ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲥⲕⲁⲫⲛ ⲟⲛ ⲙⲛ ⲡⲉⲥϩⲟⲃⲥ α
ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲕⲁⲃⲕⲁⲃⲛⲟ(ⲛ) α ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛϭⲁⲗⲁϩⲧ ⲛϩⲟⲙ[ⲛ]ⲧ α
ϣⲟⲙⲛⲧ ⲛⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲧⲩⲅⲁⲛⲟ(ⲛ) γ ⲟⲩⲥⲟⲩⲙⲁⲣⲓⲥⲧ(ⲣ)ⲟ(ⲥ) ⲉⲥⲡⲟϫⲧ α
ⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲥⲱⲙⲁⲣⲓⲥⲧ(ⲣ)ⲟ(ⲥ) ⲥⲛⲧⲉ ⲟⲛ β ⲟⲩⲛⲟϭ ⲛϩⲛⲁⲁⲩ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ α
ⲧⲓⲟⲩ ⲛⲕⲏⲣⲓⲁⲡ . ε ⲧⲓⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲣⲟⲭ(ⲟⲥ) ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ ε
ϣⲟⲙⲧⲉ ⲛⲥⲓ̣ⲧⲗⲁ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ ⲛⲡⲟⲗⲩⲫⲁⲛⲟ(ⲥ) γ ⲟⲩϫⲟⲓ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ ⲛⲉⲝⲁⲗⲩⲭⲛⲟ(ⲥ) α
ⲕⲉⲗⲱⲗ ⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲛϩⲟⲙⲛⲧ β ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛϭⲣⲟⲟⲙⲡⲉ ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ α
ⲥⲁϣϥ ⲛⲟ. ⲟ̣ . ⲛⲃⲁⲣⲱⲧ ζ ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲧⲟⲩⲗⲉ α
ⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲟ̣ⲅ̣ⲅ̣ⲓⲛⲟⲥ α ⲟⲩⲕⲁⲙⲡⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲧⲉϣⲏⲧⲉ α
ⲟⲩⲭⲁⲣⲓⲥⲉⲧⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲥϩⲓⲙⲉ α ⲟⲩⲥⲡⲁⲗⲓⲥ ⲛϣⲱϥ α
ⲟⲩϣⲙⲟⲩ ⲛⲟⲩⲱ[ϫ]ⲉ̣ α ⲟⲩⲡⲁϣⲉ ⲛϭⲁⲗⲁϩⲧ ⲛϩⲟⲙⲛⲧ α
ⲟⲩⲥⲓⲧⲗⲁ ⲛϫⲱⲕⲙ α ⲧⲓ ⲛⲧⲏⲃⲉ ε
ⲟⲩⲙⲁ ⲛϭⲁⲗⲏ α ⲟⲩⲕⲣⲁⲃⲁⲧⲧⲏ α
ⲉⲙⲡⲱⲧ ⲥⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲧⲁⲗⲟ ⲕⲁⲙⲁⲥ(ⲓ)ⲟⲛ β ⲃⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲥⲕⲁⲙⲛⲓⲛ δ
ⲟⲩⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁⲧⲏⲣⲉ̣ⲓ̣ α ϣⲟⲙⲛⲧ ⲛϣⲕⲗⲕⲓⲗ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉⲩⲁⲗⲏⲥⲓⲥ γ
ⲟⲩϩⲣⲁⲃⲇⲟⲥ ⲙⲡⲉ̣[ⲛⲓⲡ]ⲉ α ⲟⲩⲗⲁϩⲏ ⲛⲏⲣⲡ α
ⲟⲩⲡⲁϣⲝⲉⲥⲧⲏⲉ ⲛⲛⲉϩ  ⲙⲁϥⲟⲩⲉ ⲛϫⲱⲱⲙⲉ λα
ϣⲃⲉ ⲛⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲛⲕ[ⲁⲛ]ⲓ̣ⲥⲕⲉ ⲛⲥⲱⲣ ⲥⲟⲩⲟ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ο

+ ⲓⲅⲛⲁⲧⲉ ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲛⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲡϣⲉ ⲛⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲛⲣⲱⲙⲉ
ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ ⲧⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲡⲓⲙⲃⲉⲛⲧⲟⲛ ⲛⲑⲉ ⲉϥⲥⲏϩ ⲉⲙⲟⲥ +


‘By God’s will. This is the inventory (inventum) of saint Theodore
at the Caesareum, (produced) by the deacon [Ignatius], today, on
day 16 of the month Parmoute, in this year [of the …] indiction:

One small [… of] magnesium-aluminum [1]
Two silver cups (ποτήριον) [2]
Three silver spoons (κοχλιάριον) [3]
One lead six-legged-vessel (ἑξασκελόν) [1]
[Eighteen?] napkins (μάππα) [18?]
Eight large curtains (καταπέτασμα) 8
Six small altar curtains [6]
Twenty-seven door hangings (οὐῆλον) 27
Six embroidered linen cloths
(σινδόνιον πλουμαρικός) 6
One linen cloth for an awning (ἀντίσκιον) 1
Five curtain coverings (στρῶμα κορτιίνα) 5
One Persian embroidered garment
(ἐμπλουμάριον περσιατικός) 1
One lead-white patchwork bag (σάκκιον)1
Two candlesticks (σταταρεα) 2
Four … of magnesium-aluminum
and one … girdle (ῥέκος) 5
Four linen coverings (σκέπασμα) 4
One silk (μετάξιον) covering (σκέπασμα) 1
One Isaurian (ἰσαυρικός) covering 1 One small covering (σκέπη) of goatskin
(αἴγειος) for bees 1
Two small white coverings 2 One cotton cap (φακιόλιον) 1
Two large brass dishes (λεκάνη) 2 One brass dish (λεκάνη) without handles1
One vessel for cup-washing (ποτηροπλύτης)
with its stand (βάσις) 1 One small brass dish (λεκάνη) 1
Two bronze bowls (σκάφιον) 2 One small bowl (σκάφιον) with its lid 1
One small water-vessel (καβκάβιον) 1 One small iron caldron 1
Three small saucepans (τήγανον) 3 One … ladle (ζωμάρυστρος) 1
Two small ladles (ζωμάρυστρος) 2 One large brass vessel 1
Five candle-lighters 5 Five brass wheels (τροχός) 5
Three …brass buckets (σίτλα πολύφανος)3 One six lighter (ἑξάλυχνος) brass boat 1
Two bronze pitchers 2 One small brass dove 1
Seven brass … 7 One cup (κοτύλη) 1
One small hook (ὄγκινος) 1 One measure (κάμπανος) without … 1
One woman’s … (χαρισήτιον) 1 One pair of scissors (σπαλίς)
for hair-cutting 1
One peg for weaving (?) 1 One iron half-(measure) caldron 1
One bucket (σίτλα) for washing 1 Five bricks 5
One hoe (μάκελλα) 1 One bier (κραββάτιον) 1
Two … for weaving (?) shirts (καμάσιον) 2 Four benches (σκάμνιον) 4
One censer (θυμιατήριον) 1 Three bells with their chains (ἅλυσις) 3
One iron staff (ῥάβδος) 1 One measure of wine 1
Half a xestes of oil ½ Thirty-one books 31
Seventy small baskets (κανίσκιον)
for distributing corn 70

Ignatius, the most humble deacon, the son of the blessed Theodore, the inhabitant of Hermopolis,
I am satisfied with this inventory as it is written.’

(Text and trans.: W. E. Crum, modified)

History

Evidence ID

E04266

Saint Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source

ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermopolis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Source

The papyrus document is housed at the collection of the John Rylands Library in Manchester. The dating is on palaeographical grounds.

Bibliography

Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Catalogue of the Coptic Manuscripts in the Collection of the John Rylands Library (Manchester, 1909), 112–114.

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