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E04214: Coptic document from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), concerning the receipt of proceeds from land belonging to a confraternity dedicated to *Theodore (possibly soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and cultivated by a farmer who delivers the agreed amount of wheat for the confraternity; datable to the 8th c.

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posted on 24.10.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
P.MoscowCopt. 1:

A receipt acknowledging the delivery of an agreed amount of wheat is issued to a farmer who has been working the land belonging to a confraternity dedicated to Theodore. The receipt is issued by a representative of the juridical body (dikaion) of the confraternity, likewise named Theodore.

⳨ ⲡⲇⲓⲕⲁⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲡⲉⲫⲓⲗⲟⲡⲟⲛⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]-
ⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲛⲡⲁⲟⲩⲱⲣⲉ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲡⲉ-
ⲕⲟⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛϣⲉⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲟⲩⲟ̣ⲉ̣ⲉ ϫⲉ
ⲁϫⲓ ⲁⲡⲗⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲟⲟⲧⲕ ϩⲁ ⲡⲉⲫⲟ[ⲣ]ⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲥⲉ-
[ⲧⲉⲓⲱϩⲉ] ⲉ̣ⲧ̣ⲕ̣ϫⲟ ⲛⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲛ · ⲉⲧⲉ ⲛⲁ ⲛⲉ σίτου (ἀ)ρτ(άβας) δ
[ⲉⲩϣⲏⲩ ⲛⲧⲟ]ⲡⲉ ⲛⲡⲉⲓⲫⲓⲗⲟⲡⲟⲛⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ
[ϩⲛ ⲧⲓⲣⲟⲙⲡ]ⲉ ⲧⲁ ⲇⲱⲇⲉⲕⲁⲧⲏⲥ ⲓⲛⲇ(ⲓⲕⲧⲓ)ⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲉⲡⲉⲕⲱⲣϫ
[ⲟⲩⲛ ⲁⲥⲙⲛ] ⲧ̣ⲓ̣ⲁⲡⲟⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ ⲛⲁⲕ ⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲑⲉ-
[ⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲧⲓ]ⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲧⲓⲁⲡⲟⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ ⲛⲑⲉ
[ⲥⲥⲏϩ ⲛⲙⲟⲥ ⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ] ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲡⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥ)ⲧ(ⲟⲥ) ⲛⲇⲓⲁ-
[ⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲧⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲧⲓⲁⲡ]ⲟ(ⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ) ⲁⲩⲱ̣ ϯ̣ⲟ̣ [ⲛⲙⲛⲧⲣⲉ] +

'The dikaion of the confraternity of saint [Apa] Theodore of Paouore, through me, Theodore, the oikonomos, I am writing to Shenoute, the farmer.
I have received and have been paid by you for the tribute from the measure of [land] which you are cultivating for us, which is four artabas of wheat, [with one] oipe [measure] for this same confraternity, [in this year] of the 12th indiction. For your security [then, I have drawn up] this receipt for you. I, Theodore, agree to this receipt as [it is written. I,] Sarapion, the most humble deacon, [I agree to this receipt] and act [as witness].'

Text: P.V. Jernstedt. Translation: G. Schenke.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E04214

Saint Name

Theodore the Sactified, ascetic and follower of Pachomios, ob. 368. : S01362 Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source

ⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]ⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]ⲇⲱⲣⲉ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermopolis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Source

The papyrus document is housed in the Pushkin Museum in St Petersburg. Dated on palaeographical grounds.

Bibliography

Text and Russian translation: Ernshtedt (Jernstedt), P.V., Koptskie teksty Gosudarstvennogo muzeia izobrazitel'nykh iskusstv imeni A.S. Pushkina (Leningrad, 1959), 9–11.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports