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E03946: Three fragmentary Greek inscriptions (two carved, and one painted), mentioning *John the Baptist (S00020), and possibly *Aaron (the first High Priest, and brother of Moses, S01427), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in the church and chapel in the monastic complex of Aaron on Jabal Hārūn near Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late antique.

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posted on 05.09.2017, 00:00 by pnowakowski
The Finnish Jabal Hārūn project was launched after a preliminary analysis of the papyrus P.Petra inv. 6: the will of Obodianos, son of Obodianos, which revealed the existence of a monastery named after *Aaron (the first High Priest, and brother of Moses): 'the House of our Lord the Saint High Priest Aaron', presumed to be in the area of Jabal an-Nabī Hārūn (see E03944; $E03976). Several excavation campaigns conducted between 1998 and 2001, and centred around a church and another apsed building, identified as a chapel, brought to light more than a dozen very fragmentary carved and painted inscriptions. Among them three may refer to the cult of saints:

Inscription 1:

Fragment of painted plaster, found in Trench I. Letter height, c. 0.06 m.

Πρόδρομο[ς]/'Forerunner'

Prodromos/Forerunner is an epithet of *John the Baptist. The editors note that this is clearly the beginning of a line. Traces of red paint on the upper edge of the fragment suggest that the text was laid-out in at least two lines.

Text: SEG 51, 2076 (4).

Inscription 2:

Fragment, probably of a chancel screen, from its right-hand corner. Dimensions: 0.14 x 0.08 x 0.08 m. Letter height 0.035-0.04 m. Found in the chapel, in front of the altar.

[- - -]̣ΑΡω̣Ν

The editors, Frösén and Lindblom, published the fragment as a possible mention of Aaron (Ἀαρών), brother of Moses, venerated at the site. Tybout in his comments in the SEG was sceptical about this interpretation, pointing out that actually only Ρ and Ω are clear in the photograph.

Text: SEG 49, 2012.

Inscription 3:

Fragment of a chancel screen or table of white marble. Dimensions 0.12 x 0.105 x 0.043 m. Letter height 0.035 m. High quality lettering. The editors consider it a fragment of a table with moulding, rather than of a chancel screen. Found in the church.

[- - -]̣ΑΓΙΕΓ̣Ε[- - -]

The editors, probably rightly, identify the inscription as part of an invocation of *George, soldier and martyr of Diospolis/Lydda. They restore the text as ̣ἅγιε Γ̣ε[ώργιε, βοήθει or ἐλέησον - - -]/'O Saint George [help (or: have mercy) - - -]!'

Text: SEG 52, 1733 (3).
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

History

Evidence ID

E03946

Saint Name

George, soldier and martyr of Diospolis/Lydda : S00259 John the Baptist : S00020 Aaron, Old Testament prophet : S01427

Saint Name in Source

Πρόδρομος Ἀαρών

Image Caption 1

Inscription 1. From: Frösén, Fiema, Danielli, and others 2001, 377.

Image Caption 2

Inscription 2. From: Frösén, Sironen & Fiema 2008, 273.

Image Caption 3

Inscription 3. From: Frösén, Sironen & Fiema 2008, 274.

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Inscriptions - Graffiti

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Petra Jabal an-Nabī Hārūn

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Petra Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis Jabal an-Nabī Hārūn Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Bibliography

Edition: Inscription 1: Frösén, J., Sironen, E., Fiema, Z.T., "Greek inscriptions from the Church and the Chapel", in: Z.T. Fiema, J. Frösén (eds.), Petra. The Mountain of Aaron. The Church and the Chapel (Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2008), 279. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 52, 1733 (9). Frösén, J., "", in: J. Frösén, Z.T. Fiema (eds.), Petra. A City Forgotten and Rediscovered (Helsinki: Amos Anderson Art Museum, 2002), 184. Frösén, J., Sironen, E., Fiema, Z.T., "Greek inscriptions from the Church and the Chapel", in: Z.T. Fiema, J. Frösén (eds.), Petra. The Mountain of Aaron. The Church and the Chapel (Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2008), 273-274, no. 2. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 51, 2076 (4) Frösén, J., Fiema, Z.T., Danielli, Ch., and others, "The 1998-2000 Finnish Hārūn project: specialised reports", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 45 (2001), 377-378, no. 4 ("Inscriptions", ed. J. Frösén). Inscription 2: Frösén, J., Sironen, E., Fiema, Z.T., "Greek inscriptions from the Church and the Chapel", in: Z.T. Fiema, J. Frösén (eds.), Petra. The Mountain of Aaron. The Church and the Chapel (Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2008), 273, no. 1. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 52, 1733 (1) Frösén, J., "", in: J. Frösén, Z.T. Fiema (eds.), Petra. A City Forgotten and Rediscovered (Helsinki: Amos Anderson Art Museum, 2002), 181-182. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 49, 2012. Frösén, J., Lindblom, J., "", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 43 (1999), 400. Inscription 3: Frösén, J., Sironen, E., Fiema, Z.T., "Greek inscriptions from the Church and the Chapel", in: Z.T. Fiema, J. Frösén (eds.), Petra. The Mountain of Aaron. The Church and the Chapel (Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2008), 274, no. 3. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 52, 1733 (3) Frösén, J., "", in: J. Frösén, Z.T. Fiema (eds.), Petra. A City Forgotten and Rediscovered (Helsinki: Amos Anderson Art Museum, 2002), 182. "", Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 44 (2000), 411. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (2009), 531. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 49, 2012; 51, 2076; 52, 1733; 58, 1775.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Licence

Exports