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E03595: Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534, records the translation to Constantinople in 438 of the relics of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Consantinople, ob. 407, S00779).

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posted on 23.08.2017, 00:00 by dlambert
Marcellinus Comes, Chronicle

VI. Theodosii XVI et Fausti
[...]
Reliquiae beatissimi Iohannis augustae urbis quondam episcopi eidem redditae civitati ibique sepultae mense Ianuario die vicensimo octavo.

'6th indiction, consulship of Theodosius (16th) and Faustus [= 438]
[...]
The remains of the most blessed John, formerly bishop of the imperial city, were given back to that city and were buried there on the twenty-eighth day of the month of January.'

Text: Mommsen 1894. Translation: Croke 1995 (modified).
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E03595

Saint Name

John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407 : S00779

Saint Name in Source

Iohannes

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

515

Evidence not after

535

Activity not before

438

Activity not after

438

Place of Evidence - Region

Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Constantinople

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Constantinople Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - unspecified Transfer, translation and deposition of relics

Source

Marcellinus (PLRE II, 'Marcellinus 9') was an imperial official at Constantinople under the emperors Anastasius, Justin, and Justinian. The epithet Comes ('Count') is his official rank. He came originally from the province of Dardania in the western Balkans, and wrote in Latin. Marcellinus' Chronicle was a continuation of the chronicle of Jerome, covering events from the 370s to 518. It was subsequently updated to 534 by Marcellinus himself, and to 548 by an anonymous continuator. Marcellinus dates events by indictions (the fifteen-year tax cycle used in the later Roman empire) and by the consuls of each year.

Discussion

The original burial place of John Chrysostom was Komana in north-eastern Asia Minor, where he had died in exile in 407. The translation of his remains to Constantinople in 438 is described in more detail by Socrates (E04017) and Theodoret (E04187). Most other sources give the date as 27 rather than 28 January.

Bibliography

Edition: Mommsen, T., Marcellini v.c. comitis Chronicon, in: Chronica minora saec. IV V VI VII (II) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin, 1894), 60-108 English translation and commentary: Croke, B., The Chronicle of Marcellinus: Text and Commentary (Byzantina Australiensia 7; Sydney, 1995). Further reading: Croke, B., Count Marcellinus and His Chronicle (Oxford, 2001).

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports