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E03594: Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534, records that the court began to commemorate *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779), in the year 428.

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posted on 23.08.2017, 00:00 by dlambert
Marcellinus Comes, Chronicle

XI. Felicis et Tauri
[...]
Beatissimi Iohannis episcopi, dudum malorum episcoporum invidia exsulati, apud comitatum coepit memoria celebrari mense Septembrio die XXVI.

'11th indiction, consulship of Felix and Taurus [= 428]
[...]
The memory of Blessed John the bishop, long ago exiled by the envy of evil bishops, began to be celebrated among the imperial court on the twenty-sixth day of September.'

Text: Mommsen 1894. Translation: Croke 1995.

History

Evidence ID

E03594

Saint Name

John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407 : S00779

Saint Name in Source

Iohannes

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

515

Evidence not after

535

Activity not before

425

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Constantinople

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Constantinople Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

Marcellinus (PLRE II, 'Marcellinus 9') was an imperial official at Constantinople under the emperors Anastasius, Justin, and Justinian. The epithet Comes ('Count') is his official rank. He came originally from the province of Dardania in the western Balkans, and wrote in Latin. Marcellinus' Chronicle was a continuation of the chronicle of Jerome, covering events from the 370s to 518. It was subsequently updated to 534 by Marcellinus himself, and to 548 by an anonymous continuator. Marcellinus dates events by indictions (the fifteen-year tax cycle used in the later Roman empire) and by the consuls of each year.

Discussion

Croke notes in his commentary (Croke 1995, 78) that the date of 26 September is problematic and possibly corrupt, since other sources show him being commemorated on 14 September (the anniversary of his death) or 13 November (the anniversary of the news of his death being received at Constantinople).

Bibliography

Edition: Mommsen, T., Marcellini v.c. comitis Chronicon, in: Chronica minora saec. IV V VI VII (II) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin, 1894), 60-108 English translation and commentary: Croke, B., The Chronicle of Marcellinus: Text and Commentary (Byzantina Australiensia 7; Sydney, 1995). Further reading: Croke, B., Count Marcellinus and His Chronicle (Oxford, 2001).

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