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E03579: The author of the Copenhagen Continuation of Prosper, an anonymous continuation of the Latin chronicle of Prosper of Aquitaine, attributes miracles to *Gregory the Great (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838). Composed in northern Italy, c. 625.

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posted on 19.08.2017, 00:00 by dlambert
Copenhagen continuation of Prosper (Continuatio Prosperi Hauniensis)

Post decessum Pelagii Gregorius ordinatur episcopus totius ecclesiae decus, tam virtutibus et miraculis quam etiam scientia et doctrina pollens. qui postquam per tredecim annos et sex mensibus ac diebus decem gloriosissime rexisset ecclesiam, caelo animam reddidit qui non solum Romanae ecclesiae sibi plebi commissae, sed etiam gentibus profuit convertens Anglos ad fidem gentem extremo oceano positam.

'After the death of Pelagius, Gregory is ordained bishop, the glory of the whole church, potent as much in virtues and miracles as in knowledge and learning. After he had ruled most gloriously for thirteen years, six months and ten days, he rendered his soul to heaven, he who benefited not only the people of the Roman church entrusted to him, but also pagans, converting the English to the faith, a people situated on the furthest ocean.'

Text: Mommsen 1892, 270. Translation: David Lambert.

History

Evidence ID

E03579

Saint Name

Gregory I, bishop of Rome, ob. 604 : S00838

Saint Name in Source

Gregorius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

620

Evidence not after

630

Activity not before

590

Activity not after

604

Place of Evidence - Region

Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Sardinia Sardinia Sardegna Sardinia

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle during lifetime Unspecified miracle

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Ecclesiastics - Popes

Source

The Copenhagen Continuation of Prosper is a continuation of the chronicle of Prosper of Aquitaine compiled in about 625 by an anonymous author living under Lombard rule in northern Italy. It was given its name by Theodor Mommsen (in its Latin form, Continuatio Prosperi Hauniensis) because the only manuscript to preserve it is in the Royal Library at Copenhagen. The final section of the continuation, covering the period from the 550s to the 620s, in which the author becomes less dependent on earlier sources and includes more material based on his independent knowledge, was printed by Mommsen as a separate item in his Chronica Minora (Mommsen 1892, 337-9), under the title Auctarii Hauniensis extrema ('final parts of the Copenhagen continuation'). Mommsen extracted the entries about popes from the continuation and printed them separately (Mommsen 1892, 270).

Discussion

The chronicle entry on Pope Gregory I, written about twenty years after his death, refers to his virtutibus et miraculis – an unambiguous statement that he performed miracles, but without any details as to what they were. There is no suggestion of such a claim in the roughly contemporary entry for Gregory in the Liber Pontificalis (E01419).

Bibliography

Edition: Mommsen, T., in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII. (I) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 9; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1892), 270. English translation: Muhlberger, S., "The Copenhagen Continuation of Prosper: A Translation," Florilegium 6 (1984), 71-95. Further reading: Muhlberger, S., "Heroic Kings and Unruly Generals: The 'Copenhagen' Continuation of Prosper Reconsidered," Florilegium, 6 (1984), 50-70.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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