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E03498: Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on the feast of *Eulalia (virgin and martyr of Mérida, S00407), in which he also mentions other martyrs, all of them from Africa. Sermon 313G, preached at an unknown date, probably in the early 410s, possibly in Hippo (North Africa).

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posted on 25.07.2017, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 313G

[Sermo de die sanctae Eulaliae

'Sermon on the day of saint Eulalia']


Augustine emphasises that the readings on the feast days of the martyrs remind us about their victories and show that they triumphed over the persecutors thanks to the help of Christ whom they followed.

3. Quod autem ait Dominus, ueniet hora, ut, qui uos occiderit, putet se obsequium praestare Deo, non pertinet ad illos martyres, de quibus erat ista, cuius celebramus sollemnitatem. Ista enim sancta Eulalia, de prouincia Spania, sancta et fortis femina, quae per affectum uicit sexum, sicut sancta Crispina, sicut beatus Cyprianus, sicut alii multi martyres sancti, sicut Octo, sicut Viginti, et omnes eorum socii, de gentium multitudine crediderunt, et a paganis occisi sunt.

'As to what the Lord said, though, "the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering a service to God" (John 16:2); it does not apply to those martyrs among whom this one is included, whose feast we are keeping. This Saint Eulalia, you see, from the province of Spain, a holy and valiant woman, who by her love overcame the weakness of her sex like Saint Crispina, was like the blessed Cyprian, like many other holy martyrs, like the Eight, like the Twenty and all their companions, who all came to believe from the number of the Gentiles, and were killed by the pagans.'

Text: Morin 1930, 595. Translation: Hill 1994, 124. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E03498

Saint Name

Cyprian, bishop of Carthage (Africa) and martyr, ob. 258 : S00411 Eulalia, martyr of Mérida (Spain), ob. 303/305 : S00407 8 martyrs of Hippo Regius (Africa), martyred at an unknown date : S01441 Crispina, martyr at Thagasta, ob. c. 304 : S00905 T

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

391

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

391

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hippo Regius

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hippo Regius Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

The tentative dating of this sermon is based on intertextual links with other writings of Augustine. The place in which it was preached is impossible to determine. Hippo, Augustine's episcopal see is just a default location.

Bibliography

Text: Morin, G., Sancti Augustini Sermones post Maurinos reperti (Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 1; Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1930). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine. A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 9, Sermons 306-340A on the Saints (New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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