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E03259: Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on the feast of *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411). Sermon 313B, preached in Carthage, at an unknown date between 391 and 430.

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posted on 11.07.2017, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 313B

[Habitus eodem loco et die de martyris supradicti natale

'Preached in the same day and place on the birthday of the aforesaid saint']


1. Augustine expresses his delight because of the number of people who gathered at Cyprian's feast. They are probably more numerous than the crowd which witnessed Cyprian's death in the very same place.

2. He tells about martyrs as those who avoided nests of the impious and refers to Cyprian as:

Cypriano episcopo, doctore gentium, frustratore idolorum, proditore daemoniorum, lucratore paganorum, confirmatore christianorum, inflammatore martyrum ...

'Cyprian the bishop, the teacher of nations, the smasher of idols, the unmasker of demons, the winner of pagans, the strengthener of Christians, the man who fired the zeal of the martyrs ...'

4. Augustine is convinced that many of those who saw Cyprian's death came to believe in Christ.


Text: Morin 1930, 72. Translation: Hill 1994, 97. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E03259

Saint Name

Cyprian, bishop of Carthage (Africa) and martyr, ob. 258 : S00411

Saint Name in Source

Cyprianus

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

391

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

391

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Carthage

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Places

Place of martyrdom of a saint

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Crowds

Source

The date of this sermon is impossible to fix with any certainty, but the lemma suggests that it was delivered on the same day as Sermon 313A. It was evidently preached in Carthage, in the basilica called Mensa Cypriani, constructed over the spot of Cyprian's death.

Bibliography

Text: Morin, G., Sancti Augustini Sermones post Maurinos reperti (Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 1; Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1930). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine. A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 9, Sermons 306-340A on the Saints (New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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