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E03136: The Eighth Council of Toledo (central Spain) in 653 is held in the church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (00036 and S00008) according to the Latin acts of the council.

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posted on 28.06.2017, 00:00 by mszada
Acts of the Eighth Council of Toledo

In nomine Domini gesta synodalia quinquaginta duorum pontificum in urbem regiam celebrata die septimodecimo kalendarum ianuariarum aera DCLXLI.

Anno quinto orthodoxi atque gloriosi et uera clementiae dignitate praespicui Recesuinti regis, cum nos omnes diuinae ordinatio uoluntatis eiusdem principis serenissimo iussu in basilicam sanctorum apostolorum ad sacrum synodi coegisset aggregari conuentum, dies tandem laetitiae appetitu diutissimae praeoptatus et gratus adfuit et iucundus ...


'In the name of the Lord, the acts of the council of 52 bishops celebrated in the royal city on the 17th day before the Kalends of January in the year 691 of the era [= 16 December AD 653].

In the fifth year of the orthodox, glorious, and famous by the true dignity of clemency, King Reccesuinth, when the order of the divine will by the most excellent command of the ruler made us all gather in holy council in the basilica of the Holy Apostles, this day, awaited for so long with the desire of such joy, was pleasing and happy ...'

Text: Martínez Díez and Rodríguez 1992, 365-366. Translation: M. Szada.

History

Evidence ID

E03136

Saint Name

Peter the Apostle : S00036 Paul, the Apostle : S00008

Saint Name in Source

Apostoli Apostoli

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

653

Evidence not after

653

Activity not before

653

Activity not after

653

Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Toledo

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Toledo Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Activities Accompanying Cult

  • Meetings and gatherings of the clergy

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Monarchs and their family

Source

The Eighth Council of Toledo assembled in December 653 at the beginning of the sole reign of king Reccesuinth (653-672), shortly after the suppression of the revolt of Froia. It was attended by 4 metropolitan bishops (Toledo, Mérida, Seville, and Braga), 48 other bishops, and 10 abbots, representatives of the absent bishops, and many lay palatine office-holders (comites and duces). The representation of the latter seems to have been 'more overt than on any previous occasion' (Collins 2004, 86). For the first time, at the Eighth Council of Toledo they confirmed the ecclesiastical regulation with their signatures. Collins (2004, 86-89) has argued that the legislation of the council reflected a reaction against the previous reign, of king Chindasuinth, and his excesses of royal power (see especially Canon 2 that revoked Chindasuinth's laws against traitors). For more details see also Orlandis and Ramos-Lisson 1981, 201-214.

Discussion

The basilica was dedicated to the Apostles Peter and Paul. Their names are explicitly mentioned in E###.

Bibliography

Edition: Martínez Díez, G., and Rodríguez, F. (eds.), La colección canónica Hispana (Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5; Madrid, 1992). Further reading: Collins, R., Visigothic Spain, 409-711 (Oxford, 2004). Orlandis, J., and Ramos-Lissón, D., Die Synoden auf der Iberischen Halbinsel bis zum Einbruch des Islam (711) (Paderborn, 1981).

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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