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E02865: Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on the feast of *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411). Sermon 313, preached probably in Carthage, at an unknown date between 391 and 430.

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posted on 30.05.2017, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 313

[In natali Cypriani martyris

'On the birthday of the martyr Cyprian']

1.Sanctissimus et solemnissimus dies, atque huic ecclesiae ornamento familiarior et praeclarior, laetificandis nobis hodiernus illuxit, quem suae nobis gloria passionis Cyprianus beatissimus illustrauit. Cuius reuerendi episcopi et uenerandi martyris laudibus nulla lingua sufficeret, nec si se ipse laudaret. In hoc itaque sermone nostro, quem de illo debitum uestris auribus reddimus, magis approbate uoluntatis affectum, quam exigite facultatis effectum.

'A most holy and solemn day has dawned upon for us to rejoice in, and one that is very special and glorious for this Church as its crowning ornament, seeing that the most blessed Cyprian filled it with light for us by the glory of his sufferings. For praising this revered bishop and venerable martyr no tongue would be sufficient, not even were he to praise himself. So in this sermon of mine, which I am paying to your ears something owed to you on his account, please acknowledge lovingly readiness of my will, rather than demanding an effective display of any skill.'

In what follows Augustine emphasises that when praising the martyrs we praise God who had armed the martyrs for the battle that they won.

Text: Patrologia Latina 38, 1423. Translation: Hill 1994, 86. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E02865

Saint Name

Cyprian, bishop of Carthage (Africa) and martyr, ob. 258 : S00411

Saint Name in Source

Cyprianus

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

391

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

391

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Carthage

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Sermon/homily

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

The date of this sermon is impossible to fix with any certainty. Since Augustine seems to be invited to preach on this feast, he was evidently not in Hippo, but probably in Carthage.

Bibliography

Text: Migne, J.P., Patrologia Latina 38 (Paris, 1865). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century. Sermons 306-340A for the Saints ‬(New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus", Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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