Pottery fragment probably from a shallow bowl or platter. Dimensions not specified. The inscription runs along the outer base. Letter height 0.01 m.
Found in the debris of the collapsed vault in the complex of warehouses (Warehouse I, area KK 17) at the site of the so-called Paul's chapel at Caesarea Maritima/praetorium (for a description of this establishment, see: $E02853). Probably originally kept on the second story of that building.
First published by Leah Di Segni and Joseph Patrich in 2000. Re-published by Walter Ameling and Avner Ecker (2011).
] Παυλό[υ Ameling Ecker Di Segni
'Paul (or: of Paul).'
Text: CIIP 2, no. 1164.
Saint NamePamphilos, martyr of Caesarea, and his companions (including Paolos of Yamnia and Oualēs of Jerusalem) : S00140
Paulos, martyr in Palestine, ob. 309 : S00164
Paul, the Apostle : S00008
Saint Name in SourceΠαῦλος
Image Caption 1From: CIIP 2, 89.
Image Caption 2Plan of the site. From: CIIP 2, 78.
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed objects
Images and objects - Other portable objects (metalwork, ivory, etc.)
Inscriptions - Graffiti
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after800
Activity not before400
Activity not after800
Place of Evidence - RegionPalestine with Sinai
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcCaesarea Maritima
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Caesarea Maritima
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult Activities - Cult Related ObjectsOther
DiscussionGiven the findspot of the inscription (the supposed site of the prison where the Apostle Paul was detained), Leah Di Segni suggested that the partially preserved name Paulos could refer to the Apostle, though she also considered two less likely possibilities: one of two local martyrs of Caesarea, Paulos, a confessor beheaded on 25 July 309, S00164, or Paulos of Yamnia, a companion of Pamphilos, martyred probably in 310, S01333.
However, as owners' inscription are common on pottery, Ameling and Ecker add that we could have here simply the name of the owner of the bowl. The drawing suggests that the inscription was scratched when the vessel had already been fired; and if so, this interpretation seems the most plausible.
Ameling, W., Cotton, H.M., Eck, W., and others, Corpus inscriptionum Iudaeae/Palaestinae: A Multi-Lingual Corpus of the Inscriptions from Alexander to Muhammad, vol. 2: Caesarea and the Middle Coast 1121-2160 (Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2011), no. 1164 (with further bibliography).
Patrich, J., "A Chapel of St. Paul at Caesarea Maritima?", Liber Annuus 50 (2000), 370.
Di Segni, L., "A Chapel of St. Paul at Caesarea Maritima? The Inscriptions", Liber Annuus 50 (2000), 400, no. 13.
Bulletin épigraphique (2003), 588.
Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 716.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 50, 1476.